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NOTES

Source: University of Michigan  

Release: Surveys of Consumers  

Units:  Index 1966:Q1=100, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Monthly

Notes:

At the request of the source, the data is delayed by 1 month. To obtain historical data prior to January 1978, please see FRED data series UMCSENT1.

This data should be cited as follows: "Surveys of Consumers, University of Michigan, University of Michigan: Consumer Sentiment © [UMCSENT], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, (Accessed on date)"

Copyright, 2016, Surveys of Consumers, University of Michigan. Reprinted with permission.

Suggested Citation:

University of Michigan, University of Michigan: Consumer Sentiment [UMCSENT], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/UMCSENT, February 27, 2020.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis  

Release: Gross Domestic Product  

Units:  Billions of Chained 2012 Dollars, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

Frequency:  Quarterly

Notes:

BEA Account Code: DPCERX

A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

Suggested Citation:

U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis, Real Personal Consumption Expenditures [PCECC96], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/PCECC96, February 27, 2020.

Source: University of Michigan  

Release: Surveys of Consumers  

Units:  Index 1966:Q1=100, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Not Applicable

Notes:

Please see FRED data series UMCSENT for monthly data beginning in January 1978.

This data should be cited as follows: "Surveys of Consumers, University of Michigan, University of Michigan: Consumer Sentiment (DISCONTINUED)© [UMCSENT1], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/UMCSENT1/, (Accessed on date)"

For more information about the survey, please see:
United States, and Bureau of Economic Analysis. Handbook of Cyclical Indicators: A Supplement to the Business Conditions Digest. (1977) p. 31, https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=178

Copyright, 2016, Surveys of Consumers, University of Michigan. Reprinted with permission.

Suggested Citation:

University of Michigan, University of Michigan: Consumer Sentiment (DISCONTINUED) [UMCSENT1], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/UMCSENT1, February 27, 2020.

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