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(a) Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: All Items, Index 1982-1984=100, Seasonally Adjusted (CPIAUCSL)
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: All Items (CPIAUCSL) is a measure of the average monthly change in the price for goods and services paid by urban consumers between any two time periods.(1) It can also represent the buying habits of urban consumers. This particular index includes roughly 88 percent of the total population, accounting for wage earners, clerical workers, technical workers, self-employed, short-term workers, unemployed, retirees, and those not in the labor force.(1)

The CPIs are based on prices for food, clothing, shelter, and fuels; transportation fares; service fees (e.g., water and sewer service); and sales taxes. Prices are collected monthly from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments across 87 urban areas.(1) To calculate the index, price changes are averaged with weights representing their importance in the spending of the particular group. The index measures price changes (as a percent change) from a predetermined reference date.(1) In addition to the original unadjusted index distributed, the Bureau of Labor Statistics also releases a seasonally adjusted index. The unadjusted series reflects all factors that may influence a change in prices. However, it can be very useful to look at the seasonally adjusted CPI, which removes the effects of seasonal changes, such as weather, school year, production cycles, and holidays.(1)

The CPI can be used to recognize periods of inflation and deflation. Significant increases in the CPI within a short time frame might indicate a period of inflation, and significant decreases in CPI within a short time frame might indicate a period of deflation. However, because the CPI includes volatile food and oil prices, it might not be a reliable measure of inflationary and deflationary periods. For a more accurate detection, the core CPI (Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: All Items Less Food & Energy [CPILFESL]) is often used. When using the CPI, please note that it is not applicable to all consumers and should not be used to determine relative living costs.(1) Additionally, the CPI is a statistical measure vulnerable to sampling error since it is based on a sample of prices and not the complete average.(1)

For more information on the consumer price indexes, see:
(1) Bureau of Economic Analysis. “CPI Detailed Report.” 2013; http://www.bls.gov/cpi/.
Handbook of Methods - (http://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf)
Understanding the CPI: Frequently Asked Questions - (http://stats.bls.gov:80/cpi/cpifaq.htm)

Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: All Items

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(b) Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Food, Index 1982-1984=100, Seasonally Adjusted (CPIUFDSL)

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(c) Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Gasoline (all types), Index 1982-1984=100, Seasonally Adjusted (CUSR0000SETB01)

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(d) Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Energy, Index 1982-1984=100, Seasonally Adjusted (CPIENGSL)

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(e) Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Rent of primary residence, Index 1982-1984=100, Seasonally Adjusted (CUSR0000SEHA)

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(f) CBOE Russell 2000 Volatility Index, Index, Not Seasonally Adjusted (RVXCLS)

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(g) CBOE NASDAQ 100 Volatility Index, Index, Not Seasonally Adjusted (VXNCLS)

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(h) CBOE Volatility Index: VIX, Index, Not Seasonally Adjusted (VIXCLS)

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(i) BofA Merrill Lynch US High Yield Option-Adjusted Spread, Percent, Not Seasonally Adjusted (BAMLH0A0HYM2)

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(j) BofA Merrill Lynch US High Yield CCC or Below Option-Adjusted Spread, Percent, Not Seasonally Adjusted (BAMLH0A3HYC)

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(k) 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Minus 2-Year Treasury Constant Maturity, Percent, Not Seasonally Adjusted (T10Y2Y)

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(a) Wilshire 5000 Total Market Index, Index, Not Seasonally Adjusted (WILL5000IND)
The total market indexes are total market returns, which do include reinvested dividends. Copyright, 2016, Wilshire Associates Incorporated. Reprinted with permission. More information about the various indexes from Wilshire Associates can be found at http://www.wilshire.com/Indexes/.

Wilshire 5000 Total Market Index

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NOTES

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics  

Release: Consumer Price Index  

Units:  Index 1982-1984=100, Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Monthly

Notes:

The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: All Items (CPIAUCSL) is a measure of the average monthly change in the price for goods and services paid by urban consumers between any two time periods.(1) It can also represent the buying habits of urban consumers. This particular index includes roughly 88 percent of the total population, accounting for wage earners, clerical workers, technical workers, self-employed, short-term workers, unemployed, retirees, and those not in the labor force.(1)

The CPIs are based on prices for food, clothing, shelter, and fuels; transportation fares; service fees (e.g., water and sewer service); and sales taxes. Prices are collected monthly from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments across 87 urban areas.(1) To calculate the index, price changes are averaged with weights representing their importance in the spending of the particular group. The index measures price changes (as a percent change) from a predetermined reference date.(1) In addition to the original unadjusted index distributed, the Bureau of Labor Statistics also releases a seasonally adjusted index. The unadjusted series reflects all factors that may influence a change in prices. However, it can be very useful to look at the seasonally adjusted CPI, which removes the effects of seasonal changes, such as weather, school year, production cycles, and holidays.(1)

The CPI can be used to recognize periods of inflation and deflation. Significant increases in the CPI within a short time frame might indicate a period of inflation, and significant decreases in CPI within a short time frame might indicate a period of deflation. However, because the CPI includes volatile food and oil prices, it might not be a reliable measure of inflationary and deflationary periods. For a more accurate detection, the core CPI (Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: All Items Less Food & Energy [CPILFESL]) is often used. When using the CPI, please note that it is not applicable to all consumers and should not be used to determine relative living costs.(1) Additionally, the CPI is a statistical measure vulnerable to sampling error since it is based on a sample of prices and not the complete average.(1)

For more information on the consumer price indexes, see:
(1) Bureau of Economic Analysis. “CPI Detailed Report.” 2013; http://www.bls.gov/cpi/.
Handbook of Methods - (http://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf)
Understanding the CPI: Frequently Asked Questions - (http://stats.bls.gov:80/cpi/cpifaq.htm)

Suggested Citation:

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: All Items [CPIAUCSL], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/CPIAUCSL, November 24, 2017.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics  

Release: Consumer Price Index  

Units:  Index 1982-1984=100, Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Monthly

Notes:

Handbook of Methods - (http://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf) Understanding the CPI: Frequently Asked Questions - (http://stats.bls.gov:80/cpi/cpifaq.htm)

Suggested Citation:

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Food [CPIUFDSL], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/CPIUFDSL, November 24, 2017.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics  

Release: Consumer Price Index  

Units:  Index 1982-1984=100, Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Monthly

Suggested Citation:

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Gasoline (all types) [CUSR0000SETB01], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/CUSR0000SETB01, November 24, 2017.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics  

Release: Consumer Price Index  

Units:  Index 1982-1984=100, Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Monthly

Notes:

Handbook of Methods - (http://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf) Understanding the CPI: Frequently Asked Questions - (http://stats.bls.gov:80/cpi/cpifaq.htm)

Suggested Citation:

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Energy [CPIENGSL], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/CPIENGSL, November 24, 2017.

Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics  

Release: Consumer Price Index  

Units:  Index 1982-1984=100, Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Monthly

Suggested Citation:

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Rent of primary residence [CUSR0000SEHA], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/CUSR0000SEHA, November 24, 2017.

Source: Chicago Board Options Exchange  

Release: CBOE Market Statistics  

Units:  Index, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Daily

Notes:

Copyright, 2016, Chicago Board Options Exchange, Inc. Reprinted with permission.

Suggested Citation:

Chicago Board Options Exchange, CBOE Russell 2000 Volatility Index [RVXCLS], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/RVXCLS, November 24, 2017.

Source: Chicago Board Options Exchange  

Release: CBOE Market Statistics  

Units:  Index, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Daily

Notes:

Copyright, 2016, Chicago Board Options Exchange, Inc. Reprinted with permission.

Suggested Citation:

Chicago Board Options Exchange, CBOE NASDAQ 100 Volatility Index [VXNCLS], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/VXNCLS, November 24, 2017.

Source: Chicago Board Options Exchange  

Release: CBOE Market Statistics  

Units:  Index, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Daily

Notes:

VIX measures market expectation of near term volatility conveyed by stock index option prices. Copyright, 2016, Chicago Board Options Exchange, Inc. Reprinted with permission.

Suggested Citation:

Chicago Board Options Exchange, CBOE Volatility Index: VIX [VIXCLS], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/VIXCLS, November 24, 2017.

Source: BofA Merrill Lynch  

Release: BofA Merrill Lynch  

Units:  Percent, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Daily

Notes:

The BofA Merrill Lynch Option-Adjusted Spreads (OASs) are the calculated spreads between a computed OAS index of all bonds in a given rating category and a spot Treasury curve. An OAS index is constructed using each constituent bond’s OAS, weighted by market capitalization. The BofA Merrill Lynch High Yield Master II OAS uses an index of bonds that are below investment grade (those rated BB or below).

This data represents the BofA Merrill Lynch US High Yield Master II Index value, which tracks the performance of US dollar denominated below investment grade rated corporate debt publically issued in the US domestic market. To qualify for inclusion in the index, securities must have a below investment grade rating (based on an average of Moody's, S&P, and Fitch) and an investment grade rated country of risk (based on an average of Moody's, S&P, and Fitch foreign currency long term sovereign debt ratings). Each security must have greater than 1 year of remaining maturity, a fixed coupon schedule, and a minimum amount outstanding of $100 million. Original issue zero coupon bonds, "global" securities (debt issued simultaneously in the eurobond and US domestic bond markets), 144a securities and pay-in-kind securities, including toggle notes, qualify for inclusion in the Index. Callable perpetual securities qualify provided they are at least one year from the first call date. Fixed-to-floating rate securities also qualify provided they are callable within the fixed rate period and are at least one year from the last call prior to the date the bond transitions from a fixed to a floating rate security. DRD-eligible and defaulted securities are excluded from the Index.

BofA Merrill Lynch Explains the Construction Methodology of this series as:
Index constituents are capitalization-weighted based on their current amount outstanding. With the exception of U.S. mortgage pass-throughs and U.S. structured products (ABS, CMBS and CMOs), accrued interest is calculated assuming next-day settlement. Accrued interest for U.S. mortgage pass-through and U.S. structured products is calculated assuming same-day settlement. Cash flows from bond payments that are received during the month are retained in the index until the end of the month and then are removed as part of the rebalancing. Cash does not earn any reinvestment income while it is held in the Index. The Index is rebalanced on the last calendar day of the month, based on information available up to and including the third business day before the last business day of the month. Issues that meet the qualifying criteria are included in the Index for the following month. Issues that no longer meet the criteria during the course of the month remain in the Index until the next month-end rebalancing at which point they are removed from the Index.

When the last calendar day of the month takes place on the weekend, weekend observations will occur as a result of month ending accrued interest adjustments.

Source BofA Merrill Lynch, used with permission. BOFA MERRILL LYNCH IS LICENSING THE BOFA MERRILL LYNCH INDICES “AS IS,” MAKES NO WARRANTIES REGARDING THE SAME, DOES NOT GUARANTEE THE SUITABILITY, QUALITY, ACCURACY, TIMELINESS, AND/ OR COMPLETENESS OF THE BOFA MERRILL LYNCH INDICIES OR ANY DATA INCLUDED IN, RELATED TO, OR DERIVED THEREFROM, ASSUMES NO LIABILITY IN CONNECTION WITH THEIR USE, AND DOES NOT SPONSOR, ENDORSE, OR RECOMMEND, [FRBSL], OR ANY OF ITS PRODUCTS OR SERVICES.

Copyright, 2016, Bank of America Corporation. Reprinted with permission.

Suggested Citation:

BofA Merrill Lynch, BofA Merrill Lynch US High Yield Option-Adjusted Spread [BAMLH0A0HYM2], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/BAMLH0A0HYM2, November 24, 2017.

Source: BofA Merrill Lynch  

Release: BofA Merrill Lynch  

Units:  Percent, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Daily

Notes:

This data represents the Option-Adjusted Spread (OAS) of the BofA Merrill Lynch US Corporate C Index, a subset of the BofA Merrill Lynch US High Yield Master II Index tracking the performance of US dollar denominated below investment grade rated corporate debt publically issued in the US domestic market. This subset includes all securities with a given investment grade rating CCC or below.
The BofA Merrill Lynch OASs are the calculated spreads between a computed OAS index of all bonds in a given rating category and a spot Treasury curve. An OAS index is constructed using each constituent bond’s OAS, weighted by market capitalization. When the last calendar day of the month takes place on the weekend, weekend observations will occur as a result of month ending accrued interest adjustments.

Source BofA Merrill Lynch, used with permission. BOFA MERRILL LYNCH IS LICENSING THE BOFA MERRILL LYNCH INDICES “AS IS,” MAKES NO WARRANTIES REGARDING THE SAME, DOES NOT GUARANTEE THE SUITABILITY, QUALITY, ACCURACY, TIMELINESS, AND/ OR COMPLETENESS OF THE BOFA MERRILL LYNCH INDICIES OR ANY DATA INCLUDED IN, RELATED TO, OR DERIVED THEREFROM, ASSUMES NO LIABILITY IN CONNECTION WITH THEIR USE, AND DOES NOT SPONSOR, ENDORSE, OR RECOMMEND, [FRBSL], OR ANY OF ITS PRODUCTS OR SERVICES.

Copyright, 2016, Bank of America Corporation. Reprinted with permission.

Suggested Citation:

BofA Merrill Lynch, BofA Merrill Lynch US High Yield CCC or Below Option-Adjusted Spread [BAMLH0A3HYC], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/BAMLH0A3HYC, November 24, 2017.

Source: Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  

Release: Interest Rate Spreads

Units:  Percent, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Daily

Notes:

Series is calculated as the spread between 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/DGS10) and 2-Year Treasury Constant Maturity (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/DGS2).

Suggested Citation:

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, 10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Minus 2-Year Treasury Constant Maturity [T10Y2Y], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/T10Y2Y, November 24, 2017.

Source: Wilshire Associates  

Release: Wilshire Indexes  

Units:  Index, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Daily

Notes:

The total market indexes are total market returns, which do include reinvested dividends. Copyright, 2016, Wilshire Associates Incorporated. Reprinted with permission. More information about the various indexes from Wilshire Associates can be found at http://www.wilshire.com/Indexes/.

Suggested Citation:

Wilshire Associates, Wilshire 5000 Total Market Index [WILL5000IND], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/WILL5000IND, November 24, 2017.

RELATED CONTENT

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Other Formats

Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: All Items

Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted Semiannual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Food

Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted Semiannual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Gasoline (all types)

Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted Semiannual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Energy

Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted Semiannual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: Rent of primary residence

Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted Semiannual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

10-Year Treasury Constant Maturity Minus 2-Year Treasury Constant Maturity

Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

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