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EDIT LINE 1
(a) Velocity of Money Stock for United States, Ratio, Not Seasonally Adjusted (A14187USA163NNBR)
Data Were Computed From Wartime Current Prices Divided By Money Which Had Been Centered To June 30 For Each Year. Source: Simon Kuznets, NBER

This NBER data series a14187 appears on the NBER website in Chapter 14 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter14.html.

NBER Indicator: a14187

Velocity of Money Stock for United States

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EDIT LINE 2
(a) Velocity of MZM Money Stock, Ratio, Seasonally Adjusted (MZMV)
Calculated as the ratio of quarterly nominal GDP
(https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/GDP) to the quarterly average of MZM money stock (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/MZMSL).

The velocity of money is the frequency at which one unit of currency is used to purchase domestically- produced goods and services within a given time period. In other words, it is the number of times one dollar is spent to buy goods and services per unit of time. If the velocity of money is increasing, then more transactions are occurring between individuals in an economy.
The frequency of currency exchange can be used to determine the velocity of a given component of the money supply, providing some insight into whether consumers and businesses are saving or spending their money. There are several components of the money supply,: M1, M2, and MZM (M3 is no longer tracked by the Federal Reserve); these components are arranged on a spectrum of narrowest to broadest. Consider M1, the narrowest component. M1 is the money supply of currency in circulation (notes and coins, traveler’s checks [non-bank issuers], demand deposits, and checkable deposits). A decreasing velocity of M1 might indicate fewer short- term consumption transactions are taking place. We can think of shorter- term transactions as consumption we might make on an everyday basis.
The broader M2 component includes M1 in addition to saving deposits, certificates of deposit (less than \$100,000), and money market deposits for individuals. Comparing the velocities of M1 and M2 provides some insight into how quickly the economy is spending and how quickly it is saving.
MZM (money with zero maturity) is the broadest component and consists of the supply of financial assets redeemable at par on demand: notes and coins in circulation, traveler’s checks (non-bank issuers), demand deposits, other checkable deposits, savings deposits, and all money market funds. The velocity of MZM helps determine how often financial assets are switching hands within the economy.

Velocity of MZM Money Stock

Select a date that will equal 100 for your custom index:
to

#### Customize data:

Write a custom formula to transform one or more series or combine two or more series.

You can begin by adding a series to combine with your existing series.

Now create a custom formula to combine or transform the series.
Need help? []

Finally, you can change the units of your new series.

Select a date that will equal 100 for your custom index:

EDIT LINE 3
(a) Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: All Items, Index 1982-1984=100, Not Seasonally Adjusted (CPIAUCNS)

Select a date that will equal 100 for your custom index:
to

#### Customize data:

Write a custom formula to transform one or more series or combine two or more series.

You can begin by adding a series to combine with your existing series.

Now create a custom formula to combine or transform the series.
Need help? []

Finally, you can change the units of your new series.

Select a date that will equal 100 for your custom index:

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NOTES

Release: NBER Macrohistory Database

Frequency:  Annual

#### Notes:

Data Were Computed From Wartime Current Prices Divided By Money Which Had Been Centered To June 30 For Each Year. Source: Simon Kuznets, NBER

This NBER data series a14187 appears on the NBER website in Chapter 14 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter14.html.

NBER Indicator: a14187

#### Suggested Citation:

National Bureau of Economic Research, Velocity of Money Stock for United States [A14187USA163NNBR], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/A14187USA163NNBR, June 28, 2017.

Release: Money Velocity

Frequency:  Quarterly

#### Notes:

Calculated as the ratio of quarterly nominal GDP
(https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/GDP) to the quarterly average of MZM money stock (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/MZMSL).

The velocity of money is the frequency at which one unit of currency is used to purchase domestically- produced goods and services within a given time period. In other words, it is the number of times one dollar is spent to buy goods and services per unit of time. If the velocity of money is increasing, then more transactions are occurring between individuals in an economy.
The frequency of currency exchange can be used to determine the velocity of a given component of the money supply, providing some insight into whether consumers and businesses are saving or spending their money. There are several components of the money supply,: M1, M2, and MZM (M3 is no longer tracked by the Federal Reserve); these components are arranged on a spectrum of narrowest to broadest. Consider M1, the narrowest component. M1 is the money supply of currency in circulation (notes and coins, traveler’s checks [non-bank issuers], demand deposits, and checkable deposits). A decreasing velocity of M1 might indicate fewer short- term consumption transactions are taking place. We can think of shorter- term transactions as consumption we might make on an everyday basis.
The broader M2 component includes M1 in addition to saving deposits, certificates of deposit (less than \$100,000), and money market deposits for individuals. Comparing the velocities of M1 and M2 provides some insight into how quickly the economy is spending and how quickly it is saving.
MZM (money with zero maturity) is the broadest component and consists of the supply of financial assets redeemable at par on demand: notes and coins in circulation, traveler’s checks (non-bank issuers), demand deposits, other checkable deposits, savings deposits, and all money market funds. The velocity of MZM helps determine how often financial assets are switching hands within the economy.

#### Suggested Citation:

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Velocity of MZM Money Stock [MZMV], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/MZMV, June 28, 2017.

Release: Consumer Price Index

Units:  Index 1982-1984=100, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Monthly

#### Notes:

Handbook of Methods - (http://www.bls.gov/opub/hom/pdf/homch17.pdf) Understanding the CPI: Frequently Asked Questions - (http://stats.bls.gov:80/cpi/cpifaq.htm)

#### Suggested Citation:

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: All Items [CPIAUCNS], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/CPIAUCNS, June 28, 2017.

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