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Table A-1. Employment status of the civilian population by sex and age:
Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted (population data is not adjusted for seasonal variation; not seasonally adjusted version used)

   
    Jan 1948    
 
 
    Dec 2018
Name Dec 2018 Nov 2018 Dec 2017 Units
Total
Civilian noninstitutional population
258,888 258,708 256,109 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
163,240 162,821 160,636 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
63.1 62.9 62.7 %
Employed
156,945 156,803 154,065 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
60.6 60.6 60.2 %
Unemployed
6,294 6,018 6,572 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
3.9 3.7 4.1 %
Not in Labor Force
95,649 95,886 95,473 Thous. of Persons
Persons who currently want a job
5,327 5,397 5,285 Thous. of Persons
Men, 16 Years and Over
Civilian noninstitutional population
125,227 125,137 123,786 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
86,441 86,330 85,409 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
69.0 69.0 69 %
Employed
83,041 83,194 81,893 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
66.3 66.5 66.2 %
Unemployed
3,401 3,136 3,517 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
3.9 3.6 4.1 %
Not in Labor Force
38,785 38,807 38,377 Thous. of Persons
Men, 20 Years and Over
Civilian noninstitutional population
116,739 116,646 115,292 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
83,500 83,408 82,594 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
71.5 71.5 71.6 %
Employed
80,501 80,633 79,493 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
69.0 69.1 68.9 %
Unemployed
2,999 2,775 3,101 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
3.6 3.3 3.8 %
Not in Labor Force
33,239 33,238 32,699 Thous. of Persons
Women, 16 Years and Over
Civilian noninstitutional population
133,662 133,571 132,323 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
76,798 76,492 75,227 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
57.5 57.3 56.9 %
Employed
73,904 73,609 72,172 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
55.3 55.1 54.5 %
Unemployed
2,894 2,883 3,055 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
3.8 3.8 4.1 %
Not in Labor Force
56,864 57,079 57,096 Thous. of Persons
Women, 20 Years and Over
Civilian noninstitutional population
125,393 125,299 124,057 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
73,769 73,478 72,272 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
58.8 58.6 58.3 %
Employed
71,218 70,949 69,587 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
56.8 56.6 56.1 %
Unemployed
2,550 2,529 2,686 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
3.5 3.4 3.7 %
Not in Labor Force
51,624 51,821 51,785 Thous. of Persons
Both Sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian noninstitutional population
16,756 16,763 16,760 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
5,971 5,935 5,771 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
35.6 35.4 34.4 %
Employed
5,226 5,221 4,985 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
31.2 31.1 29.7 %
Unemployed
745 714 785 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
12.5 12.0 13.6 %
Not in Labor Force
10,785 10,828 10,989 Thous. of Persons
   

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