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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age:
Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted (population data is not adjusted for seasonal variation; not seasonally adjusted version used)

   
    Jan 1954    
 
 
    Dec 2018
Name Dec 2018 Nov 2018 Dec 2017 Units
White
Civilian noninstitutional population
200,774 200,690 199,458 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
126,680 126,334 125,227 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
63.1 63.0 62.8 %
Employed
122,318 122,036 120,585 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
60.9 60.8 60.5 %
Unemployed
4,362 4,299 4,642 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
3.4 3.4 3.7 %
Not in Labor Force
74,094 74,355 74,231 Thous. of Persons
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
66,110 65,961 65,559 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
71.9 71.8 71.9 %
Employed
64,046 63,960 63,370 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
69.6 69.6 69.5 %
Unemployed
2,064 2,000 2,190 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
3.1 3.0 3.3 %
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
55,995 55,819 55,131 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
58.0 57.9 57.5 %
Employed
54,226 54,023 53,231 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
56.2 56.0 55.5 %
Unemployed
1,769 1,796 1,900 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
3.2 3.2 3.4 %
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force
4,575 4,554 4,537 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
37.2 37.0 36.8 %
Employed
4,047 4,052 3,985 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
32.9 32.9 32.3 %
Unemployed
528 502 552 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
11.6 11.0 12.2 %
Black or African American
Civilian noninstitutional population
32,956 32,923 32,436 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
20,460 20,451 20,181 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
62.1 62.1 62.2 %
Employed
19,107 19,232 18,827 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
58.0 58.4 58.0 %
Unemployed
1,353 1,219 1,354 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
6.6 6.0 6.7 %
Not in Labor Force
12,496 12,472 12,255 Thous. of Persons
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
9,284 9,310 9,193 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
67.2 67.4 67.8 %
Employed
8,709 8,771 8,598 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
63.0 63.5 63.4 %
Unemployed
575 539 595 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
6.2 5.8 6.5 %
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
10,359 10,303 10,262 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
62.2 62.0 62.7 %
Employed
9,749 9,789 9,672 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
58.6 58.9 59.1 %
Unemployed
611 515 590 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
5.9 5.0 5.7 %
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force
817 837 726 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
32.8 33.6 28.9 %
Employed
650 672 557 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
26.1 27.0 22.2 %
Unemployed
167 165 169 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
20.5 19.7 23.3 %
   

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