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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age:
Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted (population data is not adjusted for seasonal variation; not seasonally adjusted version used)

   
    Jan 1954    
 
 
    Aug 2018
Name Aug 2018 Jul 2018 Aug 2017 Units
White
Civilian noninstitutional population
200,356 200,236 199,082 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
125,306 125,720 125,030 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
62.5 62.8 62.8 %
Employed
121,027 121,506 120,242 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
60.4 60.7 60.4 %
Unemployed
4,279 4,214 4,788 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
3.4 3.4 3.8 %
Not in Labor Force
75,049 74,517 74,053 Thous. of Persons
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
65,505 65,614 65,298 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
71.4 71.6 71.7 %
Employed
63,486 63,690 62,997 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
69.2 69.5 69.2 %
Unemployed
2,019 1,924 2,301 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
3.1 2.9 3.5 %
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
55,351 55,534 55,231 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
57.5 57.7 57.7 %
Employed
53,592 53,746 53,276 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
55.6 55.8 55.7 %
Unemployed
1,759 1,787 1,955 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
3.2 3.2 3.5 %
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force
4,450 4,572 4,500 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
36.2 37.2 36.5 %
Employed
3,949 4,069 3,968 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
32.1 33.1 32.2 %
Unemployed
501 502 532 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
11.3 11.0 11.8 %
Black or African American
Civilian noninstitutional population
32,810 32,771 32,296 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
20,404 20,495 20,090 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
62.2 62.5 62.2 %
Employed
19,114 19,144 18,571 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
58.3 58.4 57.5 %
Unemployed
1,289 1,351 1,519 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
6.3 6.6 7.6 %
Not in Labor Force
12,406 12,276 12,206 Thous. of Persons
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
9,407 9,320 9,213 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
68.4 67.9 68.3 %
Employed
8,841 8,751 8,500 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
64.3 63.7 63 %
Unemployed
566 569 713 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
6.0 6.1 7.7 %
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
10,361 10,426 10,127 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
62.5 63.0 62.1 %
Employed
9,766 9,793 9,487 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
59.0 59.2 58.2 %
Unemployed
595 633 639 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
5.7 6.1 6.3 %
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force
635 750 751 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
25.5 30.0 29.9 %
Employed
508 600 584 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
20.3 24.1 23.3 %
Unemployed
128 149 167 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
20.1 19.9 22.2 %
   

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