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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age:
Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted (population data is not adjusted for seasonal variation; not seasonally adjusted version used)

   
    Jan 1954    
 
 
    Apr 2019
Name Apr 2019 Mar 2019 Apr 2018 Units
White
Civilian noninstitutional population
200,576 200,508 199,950 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
125,900 126,404 125,675 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
62.8 63.0 62.9 %
Employed
121,944 122,143 121,228 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
60.8 60.9 60.6 %
Unemployed
3,957 4,261 4,447 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
3.1 3.4 3.5 %
Not in Labor Force
74,676 74,104 74,274 Thous. of Persons
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
65,802 66,014 65,919 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
71.6 71.9 72.0 %
Employed
63,896 63,936 63,724 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
69.6 69.6 69.6 %
Unemployed
1,906 2,078 2,195 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
2.9 3.1 3.3 %
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
55,671 55,806 55,192 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
57.7 57.9 57.4 %
Employed
54,133 54,140 53,451 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
56.1 56.1 55.6 %
Unemployed
1,538 1,666 1,742 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
2.8 3.0 3.2 %
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force
4,427 4,585 4,564 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
36.1 37.4 37.0 %
Employed
3,915 4,067 4,053 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
31.9 33.2 32.9 %
Unemployed
512 517 511 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
11.6 11.3 11.2 %
Black or African American
Civilian noninstitutional population
32,955 32,925 32,672 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
20,589 20,432 20,233 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
62.5 62.1 61.9 %
Employed
19,219 19,073 18,911 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
58.3 57.9 57.9 %
Unemployed
1,370 1,359 1,321 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
6.7 6.7 6.5 %
Not in Labor Force
12,366 12,493 12,439 Thous. of Persons
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
9,456 9,399 9,266 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
68.3 68.0 67.8 %
Employed
8,811 8,753 8,674 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
63.7 63.3 63.4 %
Unemployed
645 646 593 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
6.8 6.9 6.4 %
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
10,411 10,316 10,244 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
62.5 62.0 62.1 %
Employed
9,859 9,777 9,716 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
59.2 58.8 58.9 %
Unemployed
552 539 528 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
5.3 5.2 5.2 %
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force
722 717 722 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
29.2 29.0 28.9 %
Employed
549 542 522 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
22.2 21.9 20.8 %
Unemployed
173 174 201 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
24.0 24.3 27.8 %
   

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