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  • Percent, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Number of African Americans living in a coded neighborhood divided by the total number of persons living in the same neighborhood. The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • Percent, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Number of African Americans living in a coded neighborhood divided by the total number of persons living in the same neighborhood. The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • Percent, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Number of households that are occupied by owners in a coded neighborhood, divided by the total number of occupied households. The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • Percent, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Number of households that are occupied by owners in a coded neighborhood, divided by the total number of occupied households. The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • Percent, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Number of households that are occupied by owners in a coded neighborhood, divided by the total number of occupied households. The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • Percent, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Number of households that are occupied by owners in a coded neighborhood, divided by the total number of occupied households. The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • Thousands of 2010 U.S. Dollars, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Median dollar value (in thousands) of real estate property (house and lot) in a coded neighborhood. The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • Thousands of 2010 U.S. Dollars, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Median dollar value (in thousands) of real estate property (house and lot) in a coded neighborhood. The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • Thousands of 2010 U.S. Dollars, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Median dollar value (in thousands) of real estate property (house and lot) in a coded neighborhood. The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • Thousands of 2010 U.S. Dollars, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Median dollar value (in thousands) of real estate property (house and lot) in a coded neighborhood. The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • 2010 U.S. Dollars, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Dollar amount of the contract rent plus the estimated average monthly cost of utilities (electricity, gas, and water and sewer) and fuels (oil, coal, kerosene, wood, etc.) if these are paid for by the renter (or paid for the renter by someone else). The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • 2010 U.S. Dollars, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Dollar amount of the contract rent plus the estimated average monthly cost of utilities (electricity, gas, and water and sewer) and fuels (oil, coal, kerosene, wood, etc.) if these are paid for by the renter (or paid for the renter by someone else). The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • 2010 U.S. Dollars, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Dollar amount of the contract rent plus the estimated average monthly cost of utilities (electricity, gas, and water and sewer) and fuels (oil, coal, kerosene, wood, etc.) if these are paid for by the renter (or paid for the renter by someone else). The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • 2010 U.S. Dollars, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Dollar amount of the contract rent plus the estimated average monthly cost of utilities (electricity, gas, and water and sewer) and fuels (oil, coal, kerosene, wood, etc.) if these are paid for by the renter (or paid for the renter by someone else). The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • Percent, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Number of foreign born persons living in a coded neighborhood divided by the total number of persons living in the same neighborhood. The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • Percent, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Number of foreign born persons living in a coded neighborhood divided by the total number of persons living in the same neighborhood. The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • Percent, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Number of foreign born persons living in a coded neighborhood divided by the total number of persons living in the same neighborhood. The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • Percent, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Number of foreign born persons living in a coded neighborhood divided by the total number of persons living in the same neighborhood. The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • Percent, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Number of African Americans living in a coded neighborhood divided by the total number of persons living in the same neighborhood. The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • Percent, 10 Year, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Number of African Americans living in a coded neighborhood divided by the total number of persons living in the same neighborhood. The authors calculate the data based on U.S. Census estimates for each area matched to the geocoded HOLC Neighborhoods, which are based on the geocoded renderings of the original Home Owners Loan Corporation (HOLC) maps for 149 cities.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Calendar year average. This series was constructed by the Bank of England as part of the Three Centuries of Macroeconomic Data project by combining data from a number of academic and official sources. For more information, please refer to the Three Centuries spreadsheet at https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/statistics/research-datasets. Users are advised to check the underlying assumptions behind this series in the relevant worksheets of the spreadsheet. In many cases alternative assumptions might be appropriate. Users are permitted to reproduce this series in their own work as it represents Bank calculations and manipulations of underlying series that are the copyright of the Bank of England provided that underlying sources are cited appropriately. For appropriate citation please see the Three Centuries spreadsheet for guidance and a list of the underlying sources.

  • Number, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Income before taxes refers to the total money earnings and selected money receipts during the 12 months prior to the interview date. A consumer unit comprises either: (1) all members of a particular household who are related by blood, marriage, adoption, or other legal arrangements; (2) a person living alone or sharing a household with others or living as a roomer in a private home or lodging house or in permanent living quarters in a hotel or motel, but who is financially independent; or (3) two or more persons living together who use their income to make joint expenditure decisions. Financial independence is determined by the three major expense categories: Housing, food, and other living expenses. To be considered financially independent, at least two of the three major expense categories have to be provided entirely, or in part, by the respondent. For more details about the data or the survey, visit the FAQs (https://www.bls.gov/cex/csxfaqs.htm).

  • Number, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Income before taxes refers to the total money earnings and selected money receipts during the 12 months prior to the interview date. A consumer unit comprises either: (1) all members of a particular household who are related by blood, marriage, adoption, or other legal arrangements; (2) a person living alone or sharing a household with others or living as a roomer in a private home or lodging house or in permanent living quarters in a hotel or motel, but who is financially independent; or (3) two or more persons living together who use their income to make joint expenditure decisions. Financial independence is determined by the three major expense categories: Housing, food, and other living expenses. To be considered financially independent, at least two of the three major expense categories have to be provided entirely, or in part, by the respondent. For more details about the data or the survey, visit the FAQs (https://www.bls.gov/cex/csxfaqs.htm).

  • Number, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Income before taxes refers to the total money earnings and selected money receipts during the 12 months prior to the interview date. A consumer unit comprises either: (1) all members of a particular household who are related by blood, marriage, adoption, or other legal arrangements; (2) a person living alone or sharing a household with others or living as a roomer in a private home or lodging house or in permanent living quarters in a hotel or motel, but who is financially independent; or (3) two or more persons living together who use their income to make joint expenditure decisions. Financial independence is determined by the three major expense categories: Housing, food, and other living expenses. To be considered financially independent, at least two of the three major expense categories have to be provided entirely, or in part, by the respondent. For more details about the data or the survey, visit the FAQs (https://www.bls.gov/cex/csxfaqs.htm).

  • Number, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Income before taxes refers to the total money earnings and selected money receipts during the 12 months prior to the interview date. A consumer unit comprises either: (1) all members of a particular household who are related by blood, marriage, adoption, or other legal arrangements; (2) a person living alone or sharing a household with others or living as a roomer in a private home or lodging house or in permanent living quarters in a hotel or motel, but who is financially independent; or (3) two or more persons living together who use their income to make joint expenditure decisions. Financial independence is determined by the three major expense categories: Housing, food, and other living expenses. To be considered financially independent, at least two of the three major expense categories have to be provided entirely, or in part, by the respondent. For more details about the data or the survey, visit the FAQs (https://www.bls.gov/cex/csxfaqs.htm).

  • Number, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Income before taxes refers to the total money earnings and selected money receipts during the 12 months prior to the interview date. A consumer unit comprises either: (1) all members of a particular household who are related by blood, marriage, adoption, or other legal arrangements; (2) a person living alone or sharing a household with others or living as a roomer in a private home or lodging house or in permanent living quarters in a hotel or motel, but who is financially independent; or (3) two or more persons living together who use their income to make joint expenditure decisions. Financial independence is determined by the three major expense categories: Housing, food, and other living expenses. To be considered financially independent, at least two of the three major expense categories have to be provided entirely, or in part, by the respondent. For more details about the data or the survey, visit the FAQs (https://www.bls.gov/cex/csxfaqs.htm).

  • Number, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Income before taxes refers to the total money earnings and selected money receipts during the 12 months prior to the interview date. A consumer unit comprises either: (1) all members of a particular household who are related by blood, marriage, adoption, or other legal arrangements; (2) a person living alone or sharing a household with others or living as a roomer in a private home or lodging house or in permanent living quarters in a hotel or motel, but who is financially independent; or (3) two or more persons living together who use their income to make joint expenditure decisions. Financial independence is determined by the three major expense categories: Housing, food, and other living expenses. To be considered financially independent, at least two of the three major expense categories have to be provided entirely, or in part, by the respondent. For more details about the data or the survey, visit the FAQs (https://www.bls.gov/cex/csxfaqs.htm).

  • Number, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Income before taxes refers to the total money earnings and selected money receipts during the 12 months prior to the interview date. A consumer unit comprises either: (1) all members of a particular household who are related by blood, marriage, adoption, or other legal arrangements; (2) a person living alone or sharing a household with others or living as a roomer in a private home or lodging house or in permanent living quarters in a hotel or motel, but who is financially independent; or (3) two or more persons living together who use their income to make joint expenditure decisions. Financial independence is determined by the three major expense categories: Housing, food, and other living expenses. To be considered financially independent, at least two of the three major expense categories have to be provided entirely, or in part, by the respondent. For more details about the data or the survey, visit the FAQs (https://www.bls.gov/cex/csxfaqs.htm).

  • Number, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Income before taxes refers to the total money earnings and selected money receipts during the 12 months prior to the interview date. A consumer unit comprises either: (1) all members of a particular household who are related by blood, marriage, adoption, or other legal arrangements; (2) a person living alone or sharing a household with others or living as a roomer in a private home or lodging house or in permanent living quarters in a hotel or motel, but who is financially independent; or (3) two or more persons living together who use their income to make joint expenditure decisions. Financial independence is determined by the three major expense categories: Housing, food, and other living expenses. To be considered financially independent, at least two of the three major expense categories have to be provided entirely, or in part, by the respondent. For more details about the data or the survey, visit the FAQs (https://www.bls.gov/cex/csxfaqs.htm).

  • Number, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Income before taxes refers to the total money earnings and selected money receipts during the 12 months prior to the interview date. A consumer unit comprises either: (1) all members of a particular household who are related by blood, marriage, adoption, or other legal arrangements; (2) a person living alone or sharing a household with others or living as a roomer in a private home or lodging house or in permanent living quarters in a hotel or motel, but who is financially independent; or (3) two or more persons living together who use their income to make joint expenditure decisions. Financial independence is determined by the three major expense categories: Housing, food, and other living expenses. To be considered financially independent, at least two of the three major expense categories have to be provided entirely, or in part, by the respondent. For more details about the data or the survey, visit the FAQs (https://www.bls.gov/cex/csxfaqs.htm).

  • Number, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Income before taxes refers to the total money earnings and selected money receipts during the 12 months prior to the interview date. A consumer unit comprises either: (1) all members of a particular household who are related by blood, marriage, adoption, or other legal arrangements; (2) a person living alone or sharing a household with others or living as a roomer in a private home or lodging house or in permanent living quarters in a hotel or motel, but who is financially independent; or (3) two or more persons living together who use their income to make joint expenditure decisions. Financial independence is determined by the three major expense categories: Housing, food, and other living expenses. To be considered financially independent, at least two of the three major expense categories have to be provided entirely, or in part, by the respondent. For more details about the data or the survey, visit the FAQs (https://www.bls.gov/cex/csxfaqs.htm).

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: CAN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: CHL All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: DEU All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: EA17 All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: FIN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: GBR All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: ISR All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: ITA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: KOR All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: LUX All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: MEX All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: NZL All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: SVK All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: CHE All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: CZE All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: DNK All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: ESP All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLTLT01 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: FRA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.


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