Skip to main content
  • Index, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The Global Economic Policy Uncertainty Index is a GDP-weighted average of national EPU indices for 20 countries: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, France, Germany, Greece, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, Russia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States.. For additional details, including an analysis of the performance of the model, see Baker, Scott, Nicholas Bloom and Steven Davis (2016), "Measuring Economic Policy Uncertainty" (https://www.policyuncertainty.com/media/EPU_BBD_Mar2016.pdf)

  • Millions of Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Copyright, European Union, http://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available at http://ec.europa.eu/geninfo/legal_notices_en.htm#copyright" Data prior to December 31, 1998 are in Millions of ECU. Included countries: Belgium, Germany, Estonia, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Cyprus, Latvia, Lithuania, Luxembourg, Malta, the Netherlands, Austria, Portugal, Slovenia, Slovakia and Finland.

  • Millions of Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Eurostat unit ID: CP_MNAC Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: EU27_2020 Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. For euro area member states, the national currency series are converted into euros using the irrevocably fixed exchange rate. This preserves the same growth rates than for the previous national currency series. Both series coincide for years after accession to the euro area but differ for earlier years due to market exchange rate movements. European Union (27 countries from 2020) represents the 2020 reduction in the European Union countries due to the departure of the United Kindom. European Union (27 countries): Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Austria, Finland, Sweden, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, and Croatia. Copyright, European Union, https://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available here (https://ec.europa.eu/info/legal-notice_en#copyright).

  • Millions of Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Eurostat unit ID: CLV10_MEUR Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: EA19 Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. Euro/ECU series is expressed in euro from January 1, 1999 till present. Prior to December 31, 1998, synthetic exchange rate of the national currency to European Community Unit (ECU) is used to adjust for market exchange rate movements. EA19: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta, Slovakia, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Copyright, European Union, http://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available at http://ec.europa.eu/geninfo/legal_notices_en.htm#copyright

  • Growth rate same period previous year, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LORSGPOR OECD unit ID: GYSA OECD country ID: EA19 All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD,"Main Economic Indicators - complete database"Main Economic Indicators(database)http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en(Accessed on date)Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Total value of all listed shares in a stock market as a percentage of GDP. Value of listed shares to GDP, calculated using the following deflation method: {(0.5)*[Ft/P_et + Ft-1/P_et-1]}/[GDPt/P_at] where F is stock market capitalization, P_e is end-of period CPI, and P_a is average annual CPI. End-of period CPI (IFS line 64M..ZF or, if not available, 64Q..ZF) and annual CPI (IFS line 64..ZF) are from the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Standard & Poor's, Global Stock Markets Factbook and supplemental S&P data) Source Code: GFDD.DM.01

  • 2010 U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

  • Current Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used. Source Code: NY.GDP.MKTP.CD

  • Millions of Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Eurostat unit ID: CLV10_MNAC Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: EU28 Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. For euro area member states, the national currency series are converted into euros using the irrevocably fixed exchange rate. This preserves the same growth rates than for the previous national currency series. Both series coincide for years after accession to the euro area but differ for earlier years due to market exchange rate movements. European Union (28 countries): Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, the United Kingdom, Austria, Finland, Sweden, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, and Croatia. Copyright, European Union, http://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available at http://ec.europa.eu/geninfo/legal_notices_en.htm#copyright

  • Millions of Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Eurostat unit ID: CLV10_MNAC Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: EA19 Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. For euro area member states, the national currency series are converted into euros using the irrevocably fixed exchange rate. This preserves the same growth rates than for the previous national currency series. Both series coincide for years after accession to the euro area but differ for earlier years due to market exchange rate movements. EA19: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta, Slovakia, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Copyright, European Union, http://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available at http://ec.europa.eu/geninfo/legal_notices_en.htm#copyright

  • Millions of Euros, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Eurostat unit ID: CP_MEUR Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: EA19 Euro/ECU series is expressed in euro from January 1, 1999 till present. Prior to December 31, 1998, synthetic exchange rate of the national currency to European Community Unit (ECU) is used to adjust for market exchange rate movements. EA19: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta, Slovakia, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Copyright, European Union, http://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available at http://ec.europa.eu/geninfo/legal_notices_en.htm#copyright

  • Millions of Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Eurostat unit ID: CP_MNAC Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: EU28 Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. For euro area member states, the national currency series are converted into euros using the irrevocably fixed exchange rate. This preserves the same growth rates than for the previous national currency series. Both series coincide for years after accession to the euro area but differ for earlier years due to market exchange rate movements. European Union (28 countries): Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, the United Kingdom, Austria, Finland, Sweden, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, and Croatia. Copyright, European Union, http://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available at http://ec.europa.eu/geninfo/legal_notices_en.htm#copyright

  • Index, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The World Uncertainty Index determines uncertainty using the frequency of the selfsame word in the quarterly Economist Intelligence Unit country reports. Please see Hites Ahir, Nicholas Bloom and Davide Furceri (2018), 'The World Uncertainty Index' (https://www.policyuncertainty.com/media/WUI_mimeo_10_29.pdf) for additional explanation.

  • Current U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used. Source Code: NY.GDP.MKTP.CD

  • Index, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LORSGPNO OECD unit ID: STSA OECD country ID: EA19 All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD,"Main Economic Indicators - complete database"Main Economic Indicators(database)http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en(Accessed on date)Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Chained 2000 National Currency Units, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: NAEXKP01 OECD unit ID: STSA OECD country ID: EA17 All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Index 2015=100, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: NAGIGP01 OECD unit ID: IXOBSA OECD country ID: EA17 All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Millions of Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Eurostat unit ID: CLV10_MEUR Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: EU27_2020 Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. Euro/ECU series is expressed in euro from January 1, 1999 till present. Prior to December 31, 1998, synthetic exchange rate of the national currency to European Community Unit (ECU) is used to adjust for market exchange rate movements. European Union (27 countries from 2020) represents the 2020 reduction in the European Union countries due to the departure of the United Kindom. European Union (27 countries): Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Austria, Finland, Sweden, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, and Croatia. Copyright, European Union, https://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available here (https://ec.europa.eu/info/legal-notice_en#copyright).

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Total value of all listed shares in a stock market as a percentage of GDP. Value of listed shares to GDP, calculated using the following deflation method: {(0.5)*[Ft/P_et + Ft-1/P_et-1]}/[GDPt/P_at] where F is stock market capitalization, P_e is end-of period CPI, and P_a is average annual CPI. End-of period CPI (IFS line 64M..ZF or, if not available, 64Q..ZF) and annual CPI (IFS line 64..ZF) are from the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Standard & Poor's, Global Stock Markets Factbook and supplemental S&P data) Source Code: GFDD.DM.01

  • Millions of Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Eurostat unit ID: CLV10_MNAC Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: EU15 Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. For euro area member states, the national currency series are converted into euros using the irrevocably fixed exchange rate. This preserves the same growth rates than for the previous national currency series. Both series coincide for years after accession to the euro area but differ for earlier years due to market exchange rate movements. European Union (15 countries): Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, the United Kingdom, Austria, Finland, and Sweden. Copyright, European Union, http://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available at http://ec.europa.eu/geninfo/legal_notices_en.htm#copyright

  • Percent of GDP, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year. Nations that are included in this data series are listed at https://datahelpdesk.worldbank.org/knowledgebase/articles/906519 Source Indicator: GC.DOD.TOTL.GD.ZS

  • Index, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The Global Economic Policy Uncertainty Index is a GDP-weighted average of national EPU indices for 20 countries: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, France, Germany, Greece, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, Russia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States.. For additional details, including an analysis of the performance of the model, see Baker, Scott, Nicholas Bloom and Steven Davis (2016), "Measuring Economic Policy Uncertainty" (https://www.policyuncertainty.com/media/EPU_BBD_Mar2016.pdf)

  • 2010 U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Nations that are included in this data series are listed at https://datahelpdesk.worldbank.org/knowledgebase/articles/906519 Source Code: NY.GDP.PCAP.KD

  • Growth rate same period previous year, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LORSGPOR OECD unit ID: GYSA OECD country ID: OECD All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD,"Main Economic Indicators - complete database"Main Economic Indicators(database)http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en(Accessed on date)Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Chained 2000 National Currency Units, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: NAEXKP01 OECD unit ID: STSA OECD country ID: EU27 All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Millions of Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Eurostat unit ID: CLV10_MEUR Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: EU28 Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. Euro/ECU series is expressed in euro from January 1, 1999 till present. Prior to December 31, 1998, synthetic exchange rate of the national currency to European Community Unit (ECU) is used to adjust for market exchange rate movements. European Union (28 countries): Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, the United Kingdom, Austria, Finland, Sweden, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, and Croatia. Copyright, European Union, http://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available at http://ec.europa.eu/geninfo/legal_notices_en.htm#copyright

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Ratio of central bank assets to GDP. Central bank assets are claims on domestic real nonfinancial sector by the Central Bank. Claims on domestic real nonfinancial sector by the Central Bank as a share of GDP, calculated using the following deflation method: {(0.5)*[Ft/P_et + Ft-1/P_et-1]}/[GDPt/P_at] where F is Central Bank claims, P_e is end-of period CPI, and P_a is average annual CPI. Raw data are from the electronic version of the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Central Bank claims (IFS lines 12, a-d); GDP in local currency (IFS line 99B..ZF or, if not available, line 99B.CZF); end-of period CPI (IFS line 64M..ZF or, if not available, 64Q..ZF); and annual CPI (IFS line 64..ZF). (International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics, and World Bank GDP estimates) Source Code: GFDD.DI.06

  • 2010 U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Nations that are included in this data series are listed at http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-and-lending-groups Source Code: NY.GDP.PCAP.KD

  • Millions of Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Eurostat unit ID: CLV10_MNAC Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: EU27_2020 Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. For euro area member states, the national currency series are converted into euros using the irrevocably fixed exchange rate. This preserves the same growth rates than for the previous national currency series. Both series coincide for years after accession to the euro area but differ for earlier years due to market exchange rate movements. European Union (27 countries from 2020) represents the 2020 reduction in the European Union countries due to the departure of the United Kindom. European Union (27 countries): Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Austria, Finland, Sweden, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, and Croatia. Copyright, European Union, https://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available here (https://ec.europa.eu/info/legal-notice_en#copyright).

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Ratio of liquid liabilities to GDP. Liquid liabilities are also known as broad money, or M3. They are the sum of currency and deposits in the central bank (M0), plus transferable deposits and electronic currency (M1), plus time and savings deposits, foreign currency transferable deposits, certificates of deposit, and securities repurchase agreements (M2), plus travelers checks, foreign currency time deposits, commercial paper, and shares of mutual funds or market funds held by residents. Ratio of liquid liabilities to GDP, calculated using the following deflation method: {(0.5)*[Ft/P_et + Ft-1/P_et-1]}/[GDPt/P_at] where F is liquid liabilities, P_e is end-of period CPI, and P_a is average annual CPI. Raw data are from the electronic version of the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Liquid liabilities (IFS lines 55L..ZF or, if not available, line 35L..ZF); GDP in local currency (IFS line 99B..ZF or, if not available, line 99B.CZF); end-of period CPI (IFS line 64M..ZF or, if not available, 64Q..ZF); and annual CPI (IFS line 64..ZF). For Eurocurrency area countries (BEF, DEM, ESP, FRF, GRD, IEP, ITL, LUF, NLG, ATS, PTE, FIM), liquid liabilities are estimated by summing IFS items 34A, 34B and 35. (International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics, and World Bank GDP estimates) Source Code: GFDD.DI.05

  • National Currency, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: NAEXKP02 OECD unit ID: STSA OECD country ID: EA17 All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Current U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Nations that are included in this data series are listed at http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-and-lending-groups Source Code: NY.GDP.PCAP.CD

  • 2010 U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Nations that are included in this data series are listed at http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-and-lending-groups Source Code: NY.GDP.PCAP.KD

  • Growth rate previous period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: NAEXKP01 OECD unit ID: GPSA OECD country ID: G-7 All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD,"Main Economic Indicators - complete database"Main Economic Indicators(database)http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en(Accessed on date)Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Current U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used. Nations that are included in this data series are listed at http://data.worldbank.org/region/EMU Source Code: NY.GDP.MKTP.CD

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Ratio of gross portfolio debt liabilities to GDP. Debt liabilities cover (1) bonds, debentures, notes, etc., and (2) money market or negotiable debt instruments. Ratio of gross portfolio debt liabilities to GDP. Debt liabilities cover (1) bonds, debentures, notes, etc., and (2) money market or negotiable debt instruments. Raw data are from the electronic version of the IMF's International Financial Statistics. IFS line 79AEDZF / GDP. Local currency GDP is from IFS (line 99B..ZF or, if not available, line 99B.CZF). Missing observations are imputed by using GDP growth rates from World Development Indicators, instead of substituting the levels. This approach ensures a smoother GDP series. (International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics) Source Code: GFDD.DM.10

  • Index 2015=100, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: NAGIGP01 OECD unit ID: IXOBSA OECD country ID: EU27 All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent of GDP, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year. Source Indicator: GC.DOD.TOTL.GD.ZS

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Amount of international debt securities (amounts outstanding), as a share of GDP. It covers long-term bonds and notes and money market instruments placed on international markets. Table 12A (international debt amount: all issuers) / GDP. End of year data (i.e. December data) are considered for debt securities. The figures are deflated using the following methodology: {(0.5)*[Ft/P_et + Ft-1/P_et-1]}/[GDPt/P_at] where F is the level international public debt, P_e is end-of period CPI, and P_a is average annual CPI. GDP is from World Development Indicators. End-of period CPI is taken from IFS line PCPI month of December (or if not available Q4). Average annual CPI is constructed from the monthly CPI figure taken from IFS line PCPI. Source Code: GFDD.DM.07

  • Current U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used. Nations that are included in this data series are listed at https://datahelpdesk.worldbank.org/knowledgebase/articles/906519 Source Code: NY.GDP.MKTP.CD

  • Percent of GDP, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Debt is the entire stock of direct government fixed-term contractual obligations to others outstanding on a particular date. It includes domestic and foreign liabilities such as currency and money deposits, securities other than shares, and loans. It is the gross amount of government liabilities reduced by the amount of equity and financial derivatives held by the government. Because debt is a stock rather than a flow, it is measured as of a given date, usually the last day of the fiscal year. Nations that are included in this data series are listed at http://data.worldbank.org/region/EMU Source Indicator: GC.DOD.TOTL.GD.ZS

  • Millions of Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    BEA Account Code: A3274C For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • National Currency, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: NAEXKP02 OECD unit ID: STSA OECD country ID: EU27 All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Chained 2000 National Currency Units, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: NAEXKP03 OECD unit ID: STSA OECD country ID: EA17 All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • 2010 U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Nations that are included in this data series are listed at http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-and-lending-groups Source Code: NY.GDP.PCAP.KD

  • 2010 U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Nations that are included in this data series are listed at http://data.worldbank.org/about/country-and-lending-groups Source Code: NY.GDP.PCAP.KD

  • Current U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Nations that are included in this data series are listed at https://datahelpdesk.worldbank.org/knowledgebase/articles/906519 Source Code: NY.GDP.PCAP.CD

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Ratio of central bank assets to GDP. Central bank assets are claims on domestic real nonfinancial sector by the Central Bank. Claims on domestic real nonfinancial sector by the Central Bank as a share of GDP, calculated using the following deflation method: {(0.5)*[Ft/P_et + Ft-1/P_et-1]}/[GDPt/P_at] where F is Central Bank claims, P_e is end-of period CPI, and P_a is average annual CPI. Raw data are from the electronic version of the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Central Bank claims (IFS lines 12, a-d); GDP in local currency (IFS line 99B..ZF or, if not available, line 99B.CZF); end-of period CPI (IFS line 64M..ZF or, if not available, 64Q..ZF); and annual CPI (IFS line 64..ZF). (International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics, and World Bank GDP estimates) Source Code: GFDD.DI.06

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Total assets held by deposit money banks as a share of GDP. Assets include claims on domestic real nonfinancial sector which includes central, state and local governments, nonfinancial public enterprises and private sector. Deposit money banks comprise commercial banks and other financial institutions that accept transferable deposits, such as demand deposits. Claims on domestic real nonfinancial sector by deposit money banks as a share of GDP, calculated using the following deflation method: {(0.5)*[Ft/P_et + Ft-1/P_et-1]}/[GDPt/P_at] where F is deposit money bank claims, P_e is end-of period CPI, and P_a is average annual CPI. Raw data are from the electronic version of the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Deposit money bank assets (IFS lines 22, a-d); GDP in local currency (IFS line 99B..ZF or, if not available, line 99B.CZF); end-of period CPI (IFS line 64M..ZF or, if not available, 64Q..ZF); and annual CPI (IFS line 64..ZF). (International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics, and World Bank GDP estimates) Source Code: GFDD.DI.02

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Total amount of domestic private debt securities (amounts outstanding) issued in domestic markets as a share of GDP. It covers data on long-term bonds and notes, commercial paper and other short-term notes. Total amount of domestic private debt securities (amounts outstanding) issued in domestic markets as a share of GDP. It covers data on long-term bonds and notes, commercial paper and other short-term notes. Table 16A (domestic debt amount): all issuers minus governments / GDP. End of year data (i.e. December data) are considered for debt securities. GDP is from World Development Indicators. (Bank for International Settlements) Source Code: GFDD.DM.03


Subscribe to the FRED newsletter


Follow us

Back to Top