Skip to main content
  • Index, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The Global Economic Policy Uncertainty Index is a GDP-weighted average of national EPU indices for 20 countries: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, France, Germany, Greece, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, Russia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States.. For additional details, including an analysis of the performance of the model, see Baker, Scott, Nicholas Bloom and Steven Davis (2016), "Measuring Economic Policy Uncertainty" (https://www.policyuncertainty.com/media/EPU_BBD_Mar2016.pdf)

  • Index, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The Global Economic Policy Uncertainty Index is a GDP-weighted average of national EPU indices for 20 countries: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, France, Germany, Greece, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, Russia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States.. For additional details, including an analysis of the performance of the model, see Baker, Scott, Nicholas Bloom and Steven Davis (2016), "Measuring Economic Policy Uncertainty" (https://www.policyuncertainty.com/media/EPU_BBD_Mar2016.pdf)

  • Index, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The World Uncertainty Index determines uncertainty using the frequency of the selfsame word in the quarterly Economist Intelligence Unit country reports. Please see Hites Ahir, Nicholas Bloom and Davide Furceri (2018), 'The World Uncertainty Index' (https://www.policyuncertainty.com/media/WUI_mimeo_10_29.pdf) for additional explanation.

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: W016RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: B088RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A646RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A123RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: W781RC A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: W164RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Millions of Dollars, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    BEA Account Code: NA000307

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: LA000036 A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: LA000016 A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: LA000014 A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: W008RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A255RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: W017RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Millions of Dollars, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    BEA Account Code: NA000326

  • Millions of Dollars, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    BEA Account Code: NA000301

  • Millions of Dollars, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    BEA Account Code: NA000290

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: LA000037 A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: LA000029 A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A332RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A253RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: B656RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: B070RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Millions of Dollars, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    BEA Account Code: NA000306

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: W237RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: LA000035 A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: LA000028 A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: LA000015 A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: LA000002 A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A340RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A339RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A333RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Chained 2000 National Currency Units, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: NAEXKP01 OECD unit ID: STSA OECD country ID: EA17 All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Index 2015=100, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: NAEXKP01 OECD unit ID: IXOBSA OECD country ID: EA17 All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Growth Rate Previous Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: NAEXKP01 OECD unit ID: GPSA OECD country ID: EA17 All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Growth Rate Same Period Previous Year, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: NAEXKP01 OECD unit ID: GYSA OECD country ID: EA17 All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Millions of Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Eurostat unit ID: CLV10_MEUR Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: EA19 Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. Euro/ECU series is expressed in euro from January 1, 1999 till present. Prior to December 31, 1998, synthetic exchange rate of the national currency to European Community Unit (ECU) is used to adjust for market exchange rate movements. EA19: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta, Slovakia, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Copyright, European Union, http://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available at http://ec.europa.eu/geninfo/legal_notices_en.htm#copyright

  • Millions of Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Eurostat unit ID: CLV10_MNAC Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: EA19 Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. For euro area member states, the national currency series are converted into euros using the irrevocably fixed exchange rate. This preserves the same growth rates than for the previous national currency series. Both series coincide for years after accession to the euro area but differ for earlier years due to market exchange rate movements. EA19: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta, Slovakia, Estonia, Latvia, and Lithuania. Copyright, European Union, http://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available at http://ec.europa.eu/geninfo/legal_notices_en.htm#copyright

  • Millions of Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Eurostat unit ID: CLV10_MEUR Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: EU27_2020 Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. Euro/ECU series is expressed in euro from January 1, 1999 till present. Prior to December 31, 1998, synthetic exchange rate of the national currency to European Community Unit (ECU) is used to adjust for market exchange rate movements. European Union (27 countries from 2020) represents the 2020 reduction in the European Union countries due to the departure of the United Kindom. European Union (27 countries): Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Austria, Finland, Sweden, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, and Croatia. Copyright, European Union, https://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available here (https://ec.europa.eu/info/legal-notice_en#copyright).

  • Millions of Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Eurostat unit ID: CLV10_MNAC Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: EU27_2020 Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. For euro area member states, the national currency series are converted into euros using the irrevocably fixed exchange rate. This preserves the same growth rates than for the previous national currency series. Both series coincide for years after accession to the euro area but differ for earlier years due to market exchange rate movements. European Union (27 countries from 2020) represents the 2020 reduction in the European Union countries due to the departure of the United Kindom. European Union (27 countries): Belgium, Denmark, Germany, Ireland, Greece, Spain, France, Italy, Luxembourg, the Netherlands, Portugal, Austria, Finland, Sweden, Cyprus, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Malta, Poland, Slovenia, Slovakia, Bulgaria, Romania, and Croatia. Copyright, European Union, https://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available here (https://ec.europa.eu/info/legal-notice_en#copyright).

  • Millions of Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Eurostat unit ID: CLV10_MNAC Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: EA Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. For euro area member states, the national currency series are converted into euros using the irrevocably fixed exchange rate. This preserves the same growth rates than for the previous national currency series. Both series coincide for years after accession to the euro area but differ for earlier years due to market exchange rate movements. Evolution of the Euro Area EA11 (January 1, 1999 - December 31, 2000): Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain EA12 (January 1, 2001 - December 31, 2006): Greece + Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain EA13 (January 1, 2007 - December 31, 2007): Slovenia + Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and Greece EA15 (January 1, 2008 - December 31, 2008): Cyprus and Malta + Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Greece, and Slovenia EA16 (January 1, 2009 - December 31, 2010): Slovakia + Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Slovenia, Cyprus, and Malta EA17 (January 1, 2011 - December 31, 2013): Estonia + Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta, and Slovakia EA18 (January 1, 2014 - December 31, 2014): Latvia + Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta, Slovakia, and Estonia EA19 (from January 1, 2015): Lithuania + Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta, Slovakia, Estonia, and Latvia Copyright, European Union, http://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available at http://ec.europa.eu/geninfo/legal_notices_en.htm#copyright

  • Millions of Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Eurostat unit ID: CLV10_MEUR Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: EA Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. Euro/ECU series is expressed in euro from January 1, 1999 till present. Prior to December 31, 1998, synthetic exchange rate of the national currency to European Community Unit (ECU) is used to adjust for market exchange rate movements. Evolution of the Euro Area EA11 (January 1, 1999 - December 31, 2000): Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain EA12 (January 1, 2001 - December 31, 2006): Greece + Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, and Spain EA13 (January 1, 2007 - December 31, 2007): Slovenia + Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and Greece EA15 (January 1, 2008 - December 31, 2008): Cyprus and Malta + Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Greece, and Slovenia EA16 (January 1, 2009 - December 31, 2010): Slovakia + Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Slovenia, Cyprus, and Malta EA17 (January 1, 2011 - December 31, 2013): Estonia + Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta, and Slovakia EA18 (January 1, 2014 - December 31, 2014): Latvia + Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta, Slovakia, and Estonia EA19 (from January 1, 2015): Lithuania + Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, Greece, Slovenia, Cyprus, Malta, Slovakia, Estonia, and Latvia Copyright, European Union, http://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available at http://ec.europa.eu/geninfo/legal_notices_en.htm#copyright

  • Millions of Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Eurostat unit ID: CLV10_MEUR Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: EA12 Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. Euro/ECU series is expressed in euro from January 1, 1999 till present. Prior to December 31, 1998, synthetic exchange rate of the national currency to European Community Unit (ECU) is used to adjust for market exchange rate movements. EA12: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and Greece. Copyright, European Union, http://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available at http://ec.europa.eu/geninfo/legal_notices_en.htm#copyright

  • Millions of Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Eurostat unit ID: CLV10_MNAC Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: EA12 Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. For euro area member states, the national currency series are converted into euros using the irrevocably fixed exchange rate. This preserves the same growth rates than for the previous national currency series. Both series coincide for years after accession to the euro area but differ for earlier years due to market exchange rate movements EA12: Austria, Belgium, Finland, France, Germany, Ireland, Italy, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Portugal, Spain, and Greece.. Copyright, European Union, http://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016. Complete terms of use are available at http://ec.europa.eu/geninfo/legal_notices_en.htm#copyright

  • Index 2015=100, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LORSGPOR OECD unit ID: IXOBSA OECD country ID: ONM All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD,"Main Economic Indicators - complete database"Main Economic Indicators(database)http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en(Accessed on date)Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Growth rate same period previous year, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LORSGPOR OECD unit ID: GYSA OECD country ID: ONM All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD,"Main Economic Indicators - complete database"Main Economic Indicators(database)http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en(Accessed on date)Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Index, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LORSGPTD OECD unit ID: STSA OECD country ID: ONM All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD,"Main Economic Indicators - complete database"Main Economic Indicators(database)http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en(Accessed on date)Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Index, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LORSGPNO OECD unit ID: STSA OECD country ID: ONM All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD,"Main Economic Indicators - complete database"Main Economic Indicators(database)http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en(Accessed on date)Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Index, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LORSGPRT OECD unit ID: STSA OECD country ID: ONM All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD,"Main Economic Indicators - complete database"Main Economic Indicators(database)http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en(Accessed on date)Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Growth rate same period previous year, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LORSGPOR OECD unit ID: GYSA OECD country ID: OECDE All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD,"Main Economic Indicators - complete database"Main Economic Indicators(database)http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en(Accessed on date)Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Index, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LORSGPTD OECD unit ID: STSA OECD country ID: A5M All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD,"Main Economic Indicators - complete database"Main Economic Indicators(database)http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en(Accessed on date)Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Index, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LORSGPRT OECD unit ID: STSA OECD country ID: OECDE All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD,"Main Economic Indicators - complete database"Main Economic Indicators(database)http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en(Accessed on date)Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Growth rate same period previous year, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LORSGPOR OECD unit ID: GYSA OECD country ID: EA19 All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD,"Main Economic Indicators - complete database"Main Economic Indicators(database)http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en(Accessed on date)Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Index 2015=100, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LORSGPOR OECD unit ID: IXOBSA OECD country ID: EA19 All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD,"Main Economic Indicators - complete database"Main Economic Indicators(database)http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en(Accessed on date)Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Index, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LORSGPNO OECD unit ID: STSA OECD country ID: A5M All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD,"Main Economic Indicators - complete database"Main Economic Indicators(database)http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en(Accessed on date)Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Index, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LORSGPTD OECD unit ID: STSA OECD country ID: EA19 All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD,"Main Economic Indicators - complete database"Main Economic Indicators(database)http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en(Accessed on date)Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Growth rate same period previous year, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LORSGPOR OECD unit ID: GYSA OECD country ID: A5M All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD,"Main Economic Indicators - complete database"Main Economic Indicators(database)http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en(Accessed on date)Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Index, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LORSGPNO OECD unit ID: STSA OECD country ID: OECDE All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD,"Main Economic Indicators - complete database"Main Economic Indicators(database)http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en(Accessed on date)Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.


Subscribe to the FRED newsletter


Follow us

Back to Top