• Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

View economic output, reported as the nominal value of all new goods and services produced by labor and property located in the U.S.

• Billions of Chained 2012 Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

View the annual rate of economic output, or the inflation-adjusted value of all new goods and services produced by labor and property located in the U.S.

• Thousands of Persons, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

View the number of nonfarm employees in the U.S., who account for approximately 80 percent of the workers who contribute to GDP.

• Percent of GDP, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

View the ratio of federal debt to the economic output of the U.S., which can indicate economic health and the sustainability of government borrowing.

• Chained 2012 Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

• Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

View the annual rate of economic output, or the inflation-adjusted value of all new goods and services produced by labor and property located in the U.S.

• Index 2012=100, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

BEA Account Code: A191RD The number of decimal places reported varies over time. A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf) (NIPA).

• +1 or 0, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

The series assigns dates to U.S. recessions based on a mathematical model of the way that recessions differ from expansions. Whereas the NBER business cycle dates are based on a subjective assessment of a variety of indicators, the dates here are entirely mechanical and are calculated solely from historically reported GDP data. Whenever the GDP-based recession indicator index rises above 67%, the economy is determined to be in a recession. The date that the recession is determined to have begun is the first quarter prior to that date for which the inference from the mathematical model using all data available at that date would have been above 50%. The next time the GDP-based recession indicator index falls below 33%, the recession is determined to be over, and the last quarter of the recession is the first quarter for which the inference from the mathematical model using all available data at that date would have been below 50%. For more information about this series visit http://econbrowser.com/recession-index.

• Ratio, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

View the ratio of debt incurred by resident households of the U.S. economy as a percentage of economic output.

• Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

BEA Account Code: A055RC

• Percent Change at Annual Rate, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

GDPNow is a nowcasting model for gross domestic product (GDP) growth that synthesizes the bridge equation approach relating GDP subcomponents to monthly source data with factor model and Bayesian vector autoregression approaches. The GDPNow model forecasts GDP growth by aggregating 13 subcomponents that make up GDP with the chain-weighting methodology used by the US Bureau of Economic Analysis. The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta's GDPNow release complements the quarterly GDP release from the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). The Atlanta Fed recalculates and updates their GDPNow forecasts (called "nowcasts") throughout the quarter as new data are released, up until the BEA releases its "advance estimate" of GDP for that quarter. The St. Louis Fed constructs a quarterly time series for this dataset, in which both historical and current observations values are combined. In general, the most-current observation is revised multiple times throughout the quarter. The final forecasted value (before the BEA's release of the advance estimate of GDP) is the static, historical value for that quarter. For futher information visit the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta (https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1).

• Percent of GDP, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Federal Surplus or Deficit [-] as Percent of Gross Domestic Product (FYFSGDA188S) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/FYFSGDA188S) was first constructed by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis in October 2012. It is calculated using Federal Surplus or Deficit [-] (FYFSD) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/FYFSD) and Gross Domestic Product (GDPA) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/GDPA): FYFSGDA188S = ((FYFSD/1000)/GDPA)*100 FYFSD/1000 transforms FYFSD from millions of dollars to billions of dollars.

• Percent of GDP, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Observations for the current and future years are projections. The IMF provides these series as part of their Regional Economic Outlook (REO) reports. These reports discuss recent economic developments and prospects for countries in various regions. They also address economic policy developments that have affected economic performance in their regions and provide country-specific data and analysis. For more information, please see the Regional Economic Outlook (https://www.imf.org/en/publications/reo) publications. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available here (http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm).

• Billions of Chained 2012 Dollars, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Real potential GDP is the CBO’s estimate of the output the economy would produce with a high rate of use of its capital and labor resources. The data is adjusted to remove the effects of inflation.

• Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

BEA Account Code: A006RC A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf) (NIPA)

• Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

BEA Account Code: A071RC A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

• Billions of Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

View economic output, reported as the nominal value of all new goods and services produced by labor and property located in the U.S.

• Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

BEA Account Code: A001RC A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

• Billions of Chained 2015 Yen, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

Copyright, 2016, Cabinet Office of Japan.

• Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

BEA Account Code: W013RC A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

• Current U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used. Source Code: NY.GDP.MKTP.CD

• Billions of Chained 2012 Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

BEA Account Code: DPCERX A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

• Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

BEA Account Code: A019RC A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

• Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

BEA Account Code: W068RC A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

• Millions of Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

Eurostat unit ID: CLV10_MNAC Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: DE Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. For euro area member states, the national currency series are converted into euros using the irrevocably fixed exchange rate. This preserves the same growth rates than for the previous national currency series. Both series coincide for years after accession to the euro area but differ for earlier years due to market exchange rate movements. Copyright, European Union, http://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016.Complete terms of use are available at http://ec.europa.eu/geninfo/legal_notices_en.htm#copyright

• Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Total value of all listed shares in a stock market as a percentage of GDP. Value of listed shares to GDP, calculated using the following deflation method: {(0.5)*[Ft/P_et + Ft-1/P_et-1]}/[GDPt/P_at] where F is stock market capitalization, P_e is end-of period CPI, and P_a is average annual CPI. End-of period CPI (IFS line 64M..ZF or, if not available, 64Q..ZF) and annual CPI (IFS line 64..ZF) are from the IMF's International Financial Statistics. Standard & Poor's, Global Stock Markets Factbook and supplemental S&P data) Source Code: GFDD.DM.01

• Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

• Percent of GDP, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Gross Federal Debt as Percent of Gross Domestic Product (GFDGDPA188S) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/GFDGDPA188S) was first constructed by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis in January 2013. It is calculated using Gross Federal Debt (FYGFD) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/FYGFD) and Gross Domestic Product (GDPA) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/GDPA): GFDGDPA188S = (FYGFD/GDPA)*100

• Percent of GDP, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Federal Net Outlays as Percent of Gross Domestic Product (FYONGDA188S) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/FYONGDA188S) was first constructed by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis in January 2013. It is calculated using Federal Net Outlays (FYONET) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/FYONET) and Gross Domestic Product (GDPA) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/GDPA): FYONGDA188S = ((FYONET/1000)/GDPA)*100 FYONET/1000 transforms FYONET from millions of dollars to billions of dollars.

• Fourth Quarter to Fourth Quarter Percent Change, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Projections of real gross domestic product growth are fourth-quarter growth rates, that is, percentage changes from the fourth quarter of the prior year to the fourth quarter of the indicated year. Each participant's projections are based on his or her assessment of appropriate monetary policy. The range for each variable in a given year includes all participants' projections, from lowest to highest, for that variable in the given year; the central tendencies exclude the three highest and three lowest projections for each year. This series represents the midpoint of the central tendency forecast's high and low values established by the Federal Open Market Committee. Digitized originals of this release can be found at https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=677.

• Billions of Chained 2012 Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

BEA Account Code: A006RX A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

• Billions of Chained 2012 Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

View the annual rate of economic output, or the inflation-adjusted value of all new goods and services produced by labor and property located in the U.S.

• Percent of GDP, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Federal Outlays: Interest as Percent of Gross Domestic Product (FYOIGDA188S) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/FYOIGDA188S) was first constructed by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis in January 2013. It is calculated using Federal Outlays: Interest (FYOINT) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/FYOINT) and Gross Domestic Product (GDPA) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/GDPA): FYOIGDA188S = ((FYOINT/1000)/GDPA)*100 FYOINT/1000 transforms FYOINT from millions of dollars to billions of dollars.

• Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

View data of PCE, an index that measures monthly changes in the price of consumer goods and services as a means of analyzing inflation.

• Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

• Percentage Points, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

This index measures the probability that the U.S. economy was in a recession during the indicated quarter. It is based on a mathematical description of the way that recessions differ from expansions. The index corresponds to the probability (measured in percent) that the underlying true economic regime is one of recession based on the available data. Whereas the NBER business cycle dates are based on a subjective assessment of a variety of indicators that may not be released until several years after the event, this index is entirely mechanical, is based solely on currently available GDP data and is reported every quarter. Due to the possibility of data revisions and the challenges in accurately identifying the business cycle phase, the index is calculated for the quarter just preceding the most recently available GDP numbers. Once the index is calculated for that quarter, it is never subsequently revised. The value at every date was inferred using only data that were available one quarter after that date and as those data were reported at the time. If the value of the index rises above 67% that is a historically reliable indicator that the economy has entered a recession. Once this threshold has been passed, if it falls below 33% that is a reliable indicator that the recession is over. For more information about this series visit http://econbrowser.com/recession-index.

• Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

• Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

• Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

• Millions of Chained 2010 National Currency, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

• Percent of GDP, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Federal Receipts as Percent of Gross Domestic Product (FYFRGDA188S) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/FYFRGDA188S) was first constructed by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis in January 2013. It is calculated using Federal Receipts (FYFR) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/FYFR) and Gross Domestic Product (GDPA) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/GDPA): FYFRGDA188S = ((FYFR/1000)/GDPA)*100 FYFR/1000 transforms FYFR from millions of dollars to billions of dollars.

• Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

View economic output, reported as the nominal value of all new goods and services produced by labor and property located in the U.S.

• Ratio, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Source ID: labsh When using these data in your research, please make the following reference: Feenstra, Robert C., Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer (2015), "The Next Generation of the Penn World Table" American Economic Review, 105(10), 3150-3182, available for download at www.ggdc.net/pwt For more information, see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/.

• Index 2012=100, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

BEA Account Code: DPCERG A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

• Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

BEA Account Code: B020RC A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

• Millions of Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

Eurostat unit ID: CLV10_MNAC Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: IT Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. For euro area member states, the national currency series are converted into euros using the irrevocably fixed exchange rate. This preserves the same growth rates than for the previous national currency series. Both series coincide for years after accession to the euro area but differ for earlier years due to market exchange rate movements. Copyright, European Union, http://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016.Complete terms of use are available at http://ec.europa.eu/geninfo/legal_notices_en.htm#copyright

• Percent Change at Annual Rate, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

St. Louis Fed’s Economic News Index (ENI) uses economic content from key monthly economic data releases to forecast the growth of real GDP during that quarter. In general, the most-current observation is revised multiple times throughout the quarter. The final forecasted value (before the BEA’s release of the advance estimate of GDP) is the static, historical value for that quarter. For more information, see Grover, Sean P.; Kliesen, Kevin L.; and McCracken, Michael W. “A Macroeconomic News Index for Constructing Nowcasts of U.S. Real Gross Domestic Product Growth" (https://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/review/2016/12/05/a-macroeconomic-news-index-for-constructing-nowcasts-of-u-s-real-gross-domestic-product-growth/ )

• Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

• Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

BEA Account Code: B021RC A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

• Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

• Billions of Yen, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

Copyright, 2016, Cabinet Office of Japan.

• Millions of Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

Eurostat unit ID: CLV10_MNAC Eurostat item ID = B1GQ Eurostat country ID: FR Seasonally and calendar adjusted data. For euro area member states, the national currency series are converted into euros using the irrevocably fixed exchange rate. This preserves the same growth rates than for the previous national currency series. Both series coincide for years after accession to the euro area but differ for earlier years due to market exchange rate movements. Copyright, European Union, http://ec.europa.eu, 1995-2016.Complete terms of use are available at http://ec.europa.eu/geninfo/legal_notices_en.htm#copyright

• Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

• Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

BEA Account Code: A261RC Gross domestic income is an alternative way of measuring the nation's economy, by counting the incomes earned and costs incurred in production. In theory, GDI should equal gross domestic product, but the different source data yield different results. The difference between the two measures is known as the "statistical discrepancy." BEA considers GDP more reliable because it's based on timelier, more expansive data.

• Index 2012=100, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

• Percent Change from Quarter One Year Ago, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

View the annual rate of economic output, or the inflation-adjusted value of all new goods and services produced by labor and property located in the U.S.

• Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

• Millions of Pounds, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

Crown Copyright, 2016. Source: Office for National Statistics licensed under the Open Government Licence v.1.0.

• Billions of Chained 2012 Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

BEA Account Code: A822RX A Guide to the National Income and Product Accounts of the United States (NIPA) - (http://www.bea.gov/national/pdf/nipaguid.pdf)

• Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

BEA Account Code: A011RC