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  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    View the annual rate of economic output, or the inflation-adjusted value of all new goods and services produced by labor and property located in the U.S.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    View economic output, reported as the nominal value of all new goods and services produced by labor and property located in the U.S.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    Value added represents the sum of the costs-incurred and the incomes-earned in production, and consists of compensation of employees, taxes on production and imports, less subsidies, and gross operating surplus.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A191RI For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change at Annual Rate, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    St. Louis Fed’s Economic News Index (ENI) uses economic content from key monthly economic data releases to forecast the growth of real GDP during that quarter. In general, the most-current observation is revised multiple times throughout the quarter. The final forecasted value (before the BEA’s release of the advance estimate of GDP) is the static, historical value for that quarter. For more information, see Grover, Sean P.; Kliesen, Kevin L.; and McCracken, Michael W. “A Macroeconomic News Index for Constructing Nowcasts of U.S. Real Gross Domestic Product Growth" (https://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/review/2016/12/05/a-macroeconomic-news-index-for-constructing-nowcasts-of-u-s-real-gross-domestic-product-growth/ )

  • Fourth Quarter to Fourth Quarter Percent Change, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Projections of real gross domestic product growth are fourth-quarter growth rates, that is, percentage changes from the fourth quarter of the prior year to the fourth quarter of the indicated year. Each participant's projections are based on his or her assessment of appropriate monetary policy. The range for each variable in a given year includes all participants' projections, from lowest to highest, for that variable in the given year; the central tendencies exclude the three highest and three lowest projections for each year. This series represents the midpoint of the central tendency forecast's high and low values established by the Federal Open Market Committee. Digitized originals of this release can be found at https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=677.

  • Percent Change From Preceding Period, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates as of September 18, 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Fourth Quarter to Fourth Quarter Percent Change, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Projections of real gross domestic product growth are fourth-quarter growth rates, that is, percentage changes from the fourth quarter of the prior year to the fourth quarter of the indicated year. Each participant's projections are based on his or her assessment of appropriate monetary policy. The range for each variable in a given year includes all participants' projections, from lowest to highest, for that variable in the given year. This series represents the median value of the range forecast established by the Federal Open Market Committee. For each period, the median is the middle projection when the projections are arranged from lowest to highest. When the number of projections is even, the median is the average of the two middle projections. Digitized originals of this release can be found at https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=677.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A006RL For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change from Year Ago, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission. All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD (2010), "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date)

  • Percent Change at Annual Rate, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    GDPNow is a nowcasting model for gross domestic product (GDP) growth that synthesizes the bridge equation approach relating GDP subcomponents to monthly source data with factor model and Bayesian vector autoregression approaches. The GDPNow model forecasts GDP growth by aggregating 13 subcomponents that make up GDP with the chain-weighting methodology used by the US Bureau of Economic Analysis. The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta's GDPNow release complements the quarterly GDP release from the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). The Atlanta Fed recalculates and updates their GDPNow forecasts (called "nowcasts") throughout the quarter as new data are released, up until the BEA releases its "advance estimate" of GDP for that quarter. The St. Louis Fed constructs a quarterly time series for this dataset, in which both historical and current observations values are combined. In general, the most-current observation is revised multiple times throughout the quarter. The final forecasted value (before the BEA's release of the advance estimate of GDP) is the static, historical value for that quarter. For futher information visit the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta (https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1).

  • Fourth Quarter to Fourth Quarter Percent Change, Not Applicable, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The longer-run projections are the rates of growth, inflation, and unemployment to which a policymaker expects the economy to converge over time in the absence of further shocks and under appropriate monetary policy. Because appropriate monetary policy, by definition, is aimed at achieving the Federal Reserve's dual mandate of maximum employment and price stability in the longer run, policymakers' longer-run projections for economic growth and unemployment may be interpreted, respectively, as estimates of the economy's longer-run potential growth rate and the longer-run normal rate of unemployment; similarly, the longer-run projection of inflation is the rate of inflation which the FOMC judges to be most consistent with its dual mandate in the longer-term. Projections of real gross domestic product growth are fourth-quarter growth rates - that is, percentage changes from the fourth quarter of the prior year to the fourth quarter of the indicated year. Each participant's projections are based on his or her assessment of appropriate monetary policy. The range for each variable in a given year includes all participants' projections, from lowest to highest, for that variable in the given year; the central tendencies exclude the three highest and three lowest projections for each year. This series represents the midpoint of the central tendency forecast's high and low values established by the Federal Open Market Committee. Digitized originals of this release can be found at https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=677.

  • Percent Change From Preceding Period, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates as of September 18, 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates based on data available through early September 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: DPCERL For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change From Preceding Period, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates as of September 18, 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change from Year Ago, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission. All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD (2010), "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date)

  • Percent Change From Preceding Period, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates as of September 18, 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change From Preceding Period, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates as of September 18, 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A001RP For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change from Quarter One Year Ago, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    BEA Account Code: BPCCRO For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change From Preceding Period, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates as of September 18, 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change from Year Ago, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission. All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD (2010), "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date)

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A067RL For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates based on data available through early September 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: DPCCRV For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    This series was constructed by the Bank of England as part of the Three Centuries of Macroeconomic Data project by combining data from a number of academic and official sources. For more information, please refer to the Three Centuries spreadsheet at https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/statistics/research-datasets. Users are advised to check the underlying assumptions behind this series in the relevant worksheets of the spreadsheet. In many cases alternative assumptions might be appropriate. Provided that the underlying sources of the data are acknowledged and cited appropriately users are permitted to reproduce this series in their own work as it is based on Bank calculations and manipulations of underlying series that are the copyright of the Bank of England. For appropriate citation please see the Three Centuries spreadsheet for guidance and a list of the underlying sources.

  • Percent Change from Year Ago, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission. All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD (2010), "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date)

  • Percent Change, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates based on data available through early September 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The observation values for the 2015 and 2016 annual periods are forecasted values from the IMF staff. The forecasts reflect data available through early September 2015. In making their predictions, the staff has assumed that (i) established policies of national authorities will be maintained, (ii) the price of oil will average US$51.6 per barrel in 2015 and US$50.4 in 2016, and (ii) the 6-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) on U.S. dollar deposits will average 0.4 percent in 2015 and 1.2 percent in 2016. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change From Preceding Period, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates as of September 18, 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change from Year Ago, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission. All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD (2010), "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date)

  • Fourth Quarter to Fourth Quarter Percent Change, Not Applicable, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The longer-run projections are the rates of growth, inflation, unemployment, and federal funds rate to which a policymaker expects the economy to converge over time in the absence of further shocks and under appropriate monetary policy. Because appropriate monetary policy, by definition, is aimed at achieving the Federal Reserve's dual mandate of maximum employment and price stability in the longer run, policymakers' longer-run projections for economic growth and unemployment may be interpreted, respectively, as estimates of the economy's longer-run potential growth rate and the longer-run normal rate of unemployment; similarly, the longer-run projection of inflation is the rate of inflation which the FOMC judges to be most consistent with its dual mandate in the longer-term. Projections of real gross domestic product growth are fourth-quarter growth rates - that is, percentage changes from the fourth quarter of the prior year to the fourth quarter of the indicated year. Each participant's projections are based on his or her assessment of appropriate monetary policy. The range for each variable in a given year includes all participants' projections, from lowest to highest, for that variable in the given year. This series represents the median value of the range forecast established by the Federal Open Market Committee. For each period, the median is the middle projection when the projections are arranged from lowest to highest. When the number of projections is even, the median is the average of the two middle projections. Digitized originals of this release can be found at https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=677.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A001RL For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A822RL For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The observation values for the 2015 and 2016 annual periods are forecasted values from the IMF staff. The forecasts reflect data available through early September 2015. In making their predictions, the staff has assumed that (i) established policies of national authorities will be maintained, (ii) the price of oil will average US$51.6 per barrel in 2015 and US$50.4 in 2016, and (ii) the 6-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) on U.S. dollar deposits will average 0.4 percent in 2015 and 1.2 percent in 2016. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change From Preceding Period, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates as of September 18, 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change From Preceding Period, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates as of September 18, 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 3 years before publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. The data and projections presented are forecasted estimates by the IMF staff based on data available through early September 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A067RP For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates based on data available through early September 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A001RI For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change from Year Ago, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission. All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD (2010), "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date)

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: DSERRL For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A021RL For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change from Year Ago, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission. All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD (2010), "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date)

  • Percent Change From Preceding Period, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates as of September 18, 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change from Year Ago, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission. All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD (2010), "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date)

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A020RL For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change From Preceding Period, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates as of September 18, 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A191RV For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change from Year Ago, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission. All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD (2010), "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date)

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A261RL For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates based on data available through early September 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates based on data available through early September 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates based on data available through early September 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates based on data available through early September 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change From Preceding Period, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates as of September 18, 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Percent Change, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Annual data observations begin 8 years before the year of publication. Projected data include the year of publication and the subsequent 5 years. Data and projections presented are IMF staff forecast estimates based on data available through early September 2015. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Fourth Quarter to Fourth Quarter Percent Change, Not Applicable, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The longer-run projections are the rates of growth, inflation, and unemployment to which a policymaker expects the economy to converge over time in the absence of further shocks and under appropriate monetary policy. Because appropriate monetary policy, by definition, is aimed at achieving the Federal Reserve's dual mandate of maximum employment and price stability in the longer run, policymakers' longer-run projections for economic growth and unemployment may be interpreted, respectively, as estimates of the economy's longer-run potential growth rate and the longer-run normal rate of unemployment; similarly, the longer-run projection of inflation is the rate of inflation which the FOMC judges to be most consistent with its dual mandate in the longer-term. Projections of real gross domestic product growth are fourth-quarter growth rates - that is, percentage changes from the fourth quarter of the prior year to the fourth quarter of the indicated year. Each participant's projections are based on his or her assessment of appropriate monetary policy. The range for each variable in a given year includes all participants' projections, from lowest to highest, for that variable in the given year. This series represents the high value of the range forecast established by the Federal Open Market Committee. Digitized originals of this release can be found at https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=677.


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