• Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

• Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

• Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

• 2005 International Dollars per Worker, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Worker for this variable is usually a census definition based of economically active population. For more information and proper citation see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/pwt-7.1 Source Indicator: rgdpl2wok

• National Currency Units per US Dollar, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Note: Over GDP, 1 US dollar (US\$) = 1 international dollar (I\$). Purchasing power parity is the number of currency units required to buy goods equivalent to what can be bought with one unit of the base country. We calculated our PPP over GDP. That is, our PPP is the national currency value of GDP divided by the real value of GDP in international dollars. International dollar has the same purchasing power over total U.S. GDP as the U.S. dollar in a given base year. For more information and proper citation see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/pwt-7.1 Source Indicator: ppp

• U.S.=100, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Price Level of GDP is the PPP over GDP divided by the exchange rate times 100. The PPP of GDP or any component is the national currency value divided by the real value in international dollars. The PPP and the exchange rate are both expressed as national currency units per US dollar.The value of price level of GDP for the United States is made equal to 100. Price Levels of the components Consumption, Investment, and Government are derived in the same way as the price level of GDP. While the U.S. = 100 over GDP, this is not true for the component shares. The purchasing power parity in domestic currency per \$US for GDP or any component, may be obtained by dividing the price level by 100 and multiplying by the Exchange Rate. For more information and proper citation see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/pwt-7.1 Source Indicator: p2

The equivalent measure used here assigns a weight of 1.0 to all persons over 15, and 0.5 for those under age 15. For more information and proper citation see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/pwt-7.1 Source Indicator: rgdpeqa

• Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

• 2005 International Dollars per Person, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

• Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

• 2005 International Dollars per Worker, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Worker for this variable is usually a census definition based of economically active population. For more information and proper citation see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/pwt-7.1 Source Indicator: rgdpwok

• 2005 International Dollars per Person, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

• Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

• International Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

• U.S.=100, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

This is the current per capita GDP expressed relative to the United State (US=100) in each year. For more information and proper citation see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/pwt-7.1 Source Indicator: y

• Millions of International Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

• International Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

• Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Source ID: csh_r When using these data in your research, please make the following reference: Feenstra, Robert C., Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer (2015), "The Next Generation of the Penn World Table" American Economic Review, 105(10), 3150-3182, available for download at www.ggdc.net/pwt For more information, see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/.

• U.S.=100, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Price Level of GDP is the PPP over GDP divided by the exchange rate times 100. The PPP of GDP or any component is the national currency value divided by the real value in international dollars. The PPP and the exchange rate are both expressed as national currency units per US dollar.The value of price level of GDP for the United States is made equal to 100. Price Levels of the components Consumption, Investment, and Government are derived in the same way as the price level of GDP. While the U.S. = 100 over GDP, this is not true for the component shares. The purchasing power parity in domestic currency per \$US for GDP or any component, may be obtained by dividing the price level by 100 and multiplying by the Exchange Rate. For more information and proper citation see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/pwt-7.1 Source Indicator: p

• 2005 International Dollars per Person, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Series is obtained by adding up consumption, investment, government and exports, and subtracting imports in any given year. For more information and proper citation see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/pwt-7.1 Source Indicator: rgdpl

• Millions of 2017 U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Source ID: cgdpe When using these data in your research, please make the following reference: Feenstra, Robert C., Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer (2015), "The Next Generation of the Penn World Table" American Economic Review, 105(10), 3150-3182, available for download at www.ggdc.net/pwt For more information, see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/.

• Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

• U.S.=100, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

This is the current per capita GDP expressed relative to the United State (US=100) in each year. For more information and proper citation see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/pwt-7.1 Source Indicator: y2

• Price Level of USA Output-side GDP in 2017=1, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Source ID: pl_c When using these data in your research, please make the following reference: Feenstra, Robert C., Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer (2015), "The Next Generation of the Penn World Table" American Economic Review, 105(10), 3150-3182, available for download at www.ggdc.net/pwt For more information, see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/.

• Millions of 2017 U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Source ID: rgdpna When using these data in your research, please make the following reference: Feenstra, Robert C., Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer (2015), "The Next Generation of the Penn World Table" American Economic Review, 105(10), 3150-3182, available for download at www.ggdc.net/pwt For more information, see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/.

• Millions of 2017 U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Source ID: cgdpo When using these data in your research, please make the following reference: Feenstra, Robert C., Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer (2015), "The Next Generation of the Penn World Table" American Economic Review, 105(10), 3150-3182, available for download at www.ggdc.net/pwt For more information, see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/.

• Millions of 2017 U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Source ID: rgdpe When using these data in your research, please make the following reference: Feenstra, Robert C., Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer (2015), "The Next Generation of the Penn World Table" American Economic Review, 105(10), 3150-3182, available for download at www.ggdc.net/pwt For more information, see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/.

• Price Level of USA Output-side GDP in 2017=1, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Source ID: pl_g When using these data in your research, please make the following reference: Feenstra, Robert C., Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer (2015), "The Next Generation of the Penn World Table" American Economic Review, 105(10), 3150-3182, available for download at www.ggdc.net/pwt For more information, see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/.

• Price Level of USA Output-side GDP in 2017=1, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Source ID: pl_gdpo When using these data in your research, please make the following reference: Feenstra, Robert C., Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer (2015), "The Next Generation of the Penn World Table" American Economic Review, 105(10), 3150-3182, available for download at www.ggdc.net/pwt For more information, see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/.

• Price Level of USA Output-side GDP in 2005=1, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Source ID: pl_gdpe When using these data in your research, please make the following reference: Feenstra, Robert C., Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer (2013), "The Next Generation of the Penn World Table" available for download at www.ggdc.net/pwt For more information, see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/.

• Millions of 2017 U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Source ID: rgdpo When using these data in your research, please make the following reference: Feenstra, Robert C., Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer (2015), "The Next Generation of the Penn World Table" American Economic Review, 105(10), 3150-3182, available for download at www.ggdc.net/pwt For more information, see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/.

• Price Level of USA Output-side GDP in 2017=1, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Source ID: pl_x When using these data in your research, please make the following reference: Feenstra, Robert C., Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer (2015), "The Next Generation of the Penn World Table" American Economic Review, 105(10), 3150-3182, available for download at www.ggdc.net/pwt For more information, see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/.

• Price Level of USA Output-side GDP in 2017=1, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Source ID: pl_m When using these data in your research, please make the following reference: Feenstra, Robert C., Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer (2015), "The Next Generation of the Penn World Table" American Economic Review, 105(10), 3150-3182, available for download at www.ggdc.net/pwt For more information, see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/.

• Price Level of USA Output-side GDP in 2017=1, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Source ID: pl_i When using these data in your research, please make the following reference: Feenstra, Robert C., Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer (2015), "The Next Generation of the Penn World Table" American Economic Review, 105(10), 3150-3182, available for download at www.ggdc.net/pwt For more information, see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/.

• Current U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

GDP at purchaser's prices is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Dollar figures for GDP are converted from domestic currencies using single year official exchange rates. For a few countries where the official exchange rate does not reflect the rate effectively applied to actual foreign exchange transactions, an alternative conversion factor is used. Source Code: NY.GDP.MKTP.CD

• 2010 U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. World Bank national accounts data, and OECD National Accounts data files.

• Current U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

GDP per capita is gross domestic product divided by midyear population. GDP is the sum of gross value added by all resident producers in the economy plus any product taxes and minus any subsidies not included in the value of the products. It is calculated without making deductions for depreciation of fabricated assets or for depletion and degradation of natural resources. Data are in current U.S. dollars. Source Code: NY.GDP.PCAP.CD

• Price Level of USA Output-side GDP in 2017=1, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Source ID: pl_k When using these data in your research, please make the following reference: Feenstra, Robert C., Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer (2015), "The Next Generation of the Penn World Table" American Economic Review, 105(10), 3150-3182, available for download at www.ggdc.net/pwt For more information, see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/.

• Ratio, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Source ID: labsh When using these data in your research, please make the following reference: Feenstra, Robert C., Robert Inklaar and Marcel P. Timmer (2015), "The Next Generation of the Penn World Table" American Economic Review, 105(10), 3150-3182, available for download at www.ggdc.net/pwt For more information, see http://www.rug.nl/research/ggdc/data/pwt/.

• Percent Change, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

The observation values for the 2015 and 2016 annual periods are forecasted values from the IMF staff. The forecasts reflect data available through early September 2015. In making their predictions, the staff has assumed that (i) established policies of national authorities will be maintained, (ii) the price of oil will average US\$51.6 per barrel in 2015 and US\$50.4 in 2016, and (ii) the 6-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) on U.S. dollar deposits will average 0.4 percent in 2015 and 1.2 percent in 2016. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

• U.S. Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

The observation values for the 2015 and 2016 annual periods are forecasted values from the IMF staff. The forecasts reflect data available through early September 2015. In making their predictions, the staff has assumed that (i) established policies of national authorities will be maintained, (ii) the price of oil will average US\$51.6 per barrel in 2015 and US\$50.4 in 2016, and (ii) the 6-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) on U.S. dollar deposits will average 0.4 percent in 2015 and 1.2 percent in 2016. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

• Percent of GDP, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

The observation values for the 2015 and 2016 annual periods are forecasted values from the IMF staff. The forecasts reflect data available through early September 2015. In making their predictions, the staff has assumed that (i) established policies of national authorities will be maintained, (ii) the price of oil will average US\$51.6 per barrel in 2015 and US\$50.4 in 2016, and (ii) the 6-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) on U.S. dollar deposits will average 0.4 percent in 2015 and 1.2 percent in 2016. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

• Percent Change, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

The observation values for the 2015 and 2016 annual periods are forecasted values from the IMF staff. The forecasts reflect data available through early September 2015. In making their predictions, the staff has assumed that (i) established policies of national authorities will be maintained, (ii) the price of oil will average US\$51.6 per barrel in 2015 and US\$50.4 in 2016, and (ii) the 6-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) on U.S. dollar deposits will average 0.4 percent in 2015 and 1.2 percent in 2016. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

• Percent of Non-oil GDP, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

The observation values for the 2015 and 2016 annual periods are forecasted values from the IMF staff. The forecasts reflect data available through early September 2015. In making their predictions, the staff has assumed that (i) established policies of national authorities will be maintained, (ii) the price of oil will average US\$51.6 per barrel in 2015 and US\$50.4 in 2016, and (ii) the 6-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) on U.S. dollar deposits will average 0.4 percent in 2015 and 1.2 percent in 2016. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

• Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

The ratio of consolidated foreign claims to GDP of the banks that are reporting to BIS. Foreign claims are defined as the sum of cross-border claims plus foreign offices' local claims in all currencies. In the consolidated banking statistics claims that are granted or extended to nonresidents are referred to as either cross-border claims. In the context of the consolidated banking statistics, local claims refer to claims of domestic banks' foreign affiliates (branches/subsidiaries) on the residents of the host country (i.e. country of residence of affiliates). Source Code: GFDD.OI.14

• Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Ratio of outstanding offshore bank loans to GDP. An offshore bank is a bank located outside the country of residence of the depositor, typically in a low tax jurisdiction (or tax haven) that provides financial and legal advantages. Ratio of outstanding offshore bank loans to GDP. An offshore bank is a bank located outside the country of residence of the depositor, typically in a low tax jurisdiction (or tax haven) that provides financial and legal advantages. Offshore bank loan data from October 2008 version of BIS Statistical Appendix Table 7A: External loans and deposits of reporting banks vis-à-vis all sectors. Bank for International Settlements) Source Code: GFDD.OI.09

• Percent of GDP, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

The observation values for the 2015 and 2016 annual periods are forecasted values from the IMF staff. The forecasts reflect data available through early September 2015. In making their predictions, the staff has assumed that (i) established policies of national authorities will be maintained, (ii) the price of oil will average US\$51.6 per barrel in 2015 and US\$50.4 in 2016, and (ii) the 6-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) on U.S. dollar deposits will average 0.4 percent in 2015 and 1.2 percent in 2016. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

• Percent of Non-oil GDP, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

The observation values for the 2015 and 2016 annual periods are forecasted values from the IMF staff. The forecasts reflect data available through early September 2015. In making their predictions, the staff has assumed that (i) established policies of national authorities will be maintained, (ii) the price of oil will average US\$51.6 per barrel in 2015 and US\$50.4 in 2016, and (ii) the 6-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) on U.S. dollar deposits will average 0.4 percent in 2015 and 1.2 percent in 2016. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

• Percent of GDP, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

The observation values for the 2015 and 2016 annual periods are forecasted values from the IMF staff. The forecasts reflect data available through early September 2015. In making their predictions, the staff has assumed that (i) established policies of national authorities will be maintained, (ii) the price of oil will average US\$51.6 per barrel in 2015 and US\$50.4 in 2016, and (ii) the 6-month London interbank offered rate (LIBOR) on U.S. dollar deposits will average 0.4 percent in 2015 and 1.2 percent in 2016. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

• Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Ratio of non-Life insurance premium volume to GDP. Premium volume is the insurer's direct premiums earned (if Property/Casualty) or received (if Life/Health) during the previous calendar year. Premium data is taken from various issues of Sigma reports (Swiss Re). Data on GDP in US dollars is from the electronic version of the World Development Indicators. (Swiss Re, Sigma Reports) Source Code: GFDD.DI.10