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  • Percent of GDP, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Federal Debt Held by Private Investors as Percent of Gross Domestic Product (HBPIGDQ188S) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/HBPIGDQ188S) was first constructed by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis in October 2012. It is calculated using Federal Debt Held by Private Investors (FDHBPIN) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/FDHBPIN) and Gross Domestic Product, 1 Decimal (GDP) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/GDP): HBPIGDQ188S = (FDHBPIN/GDP)*100

  • Percent of GDP, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Federal Debt Held by Agencies & Trusts as Percent of Gross Domestic Product (HBATGDQ188S) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/HBATGDQ188S) was first constructed by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis in October 2012. It is calculated using Federal Debt Held by Agencies & Trusts (FDHBATN) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/FDHBATN) and Gross Domestic Product, 1 Decimal (GDP) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/GDP): HBATGDQ188S = ((FDHBATN/1000)/GDP)*100 FDHBATN/1000 transforms FDHBATN from millions of dollars to billions of dollars.

  • Percent of GDP, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Federal Debt Held by the Public as Percent of Gross Domestic Product (FYGFGDQ188S) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/FYGFGDQ188S) was first constructed by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis in October 2012. It is calculated using Federal Debt Held by the Public (FYGFDPUN) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/FYGFDPUN) and Gross Domestic Product, 1 Decimal (GDP) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/GDP): FYGFGDQ188S = ((FYGFDPUN/1000)/GDP)*100 FYGFDPUN/1000 transforms FYGFDPUN from millions of dollars to billions of dollars.

  • Percent of GDP, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Federal Debt Held by Foreign & International Investors as Percent of Gross Domestic Product (HBFIGDQ188S) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/HBFIGDQ188S) was first constructed by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis in October 2012. It is calculated using Federal Debt Held by Foreign & International Investors (FDHBFIN) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/FDHBFIN) and Gross Domestic Product, 1 Decimal (GDP) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/GDP): (FDHBFIN/GDP)*100

  • Percent of GDP, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Federal Debt Held by Federal Reserve Banks as Percent of Gross Domestic Product (HBFRGDQ188S) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/HBFRGDQ188S) was first constructed by the Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis in October 2012. It is calculated using Federal Debt Held by Federal Reserve Banks (FDHBFRBN) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/FDHBFRBN) and Gross Domestic Product, 1 Decimal (GDP) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/GDP): HBFRGDQ188S = (FDHBFRBN/GDP)*100

  • Percent of GDP, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    View the ratio of federal debt to the economic output of the U.S., which can indicate economic health and the sustainability of government borrowing.

  • Percent Change at Annual Rate, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    St. Louis Fed’s Economic News Index (ENI) uses economic content from key monthly economic data releases to forecast the growth of real GDP during that quarter. In general, the most-current observation is revised multiple times throughout the quarter. The final forecasted value (before the BEA’s release of the advance estimate of GDP) is the static, historical value for that quarter. For more information, see Grover, Sean P.; Kliesen, Kevin L.; and McCracken, Michael W. “A Macroeconomic News Index for Constructing Nowcasts of U.S. Real Gross Domestic Product Growth" (https://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/review/2016/12/05/a-macroeconomic-news-index-for-constructing-nowcasts-of-u-s-real-gross-domestic-product-growth/ )

  • Index, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The Global Economic Policy Uncertainty Index is a GDP-weighted average of national EPU indices for 20 countries: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, France, Germany, Greece, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, Russia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States.. For additional details, including an analysis of the performance of the model, see Baker, Scott, Nicholas Bloom and Steven Davis (2016), "Measuring Economic Policy Uncertainty" (https://www.policyuncertainty.com/media/EPU_BBD_Mar2016.pdf)

  • Index, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The Global Economic Policy Uncertainty Index is a GDP-weighted average of national EPU indices for 20 countries: Australia, Brazil, Canada, Chile, China, France, Germany, Greece, India, Ireland, Italy, Japan, Mexico, the Netherlands, Russia, South Korea, Spain, Sweden, the United Kingdom, and the United States.. For additional details, including an analysis of the performance of the model, see Baker, Scott, Nicholas Bloom and Steven Davis (2016), "Measuring Economic Policy Uncertainty" (https://www.policyuncertainty.com/media/EPU_BBD_Mar2016.pdf)

  • Thousands of Persons, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    View the number of nonfarm employees in the U.S., who account for approximately 80 percent of the workers who contribute to GDP.

  • Thousands of Persons, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    View the number of nonfarm employees in the U.S., who account for approximately 80 percent of the workers who contribute to GDP.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Private Domestic Investment represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Private Domestic Investment provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Exports of Services represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Exports of Services provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Government Investment: Federal Government represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Government Investment: Federal Government provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Final Sales of Domestic Product represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Final Sales of Domestic Product provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Exports of Goods and Services represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Exports of Goods and Services provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Exports of Goods represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Exports of Goods provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Government Investment represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Government Investment provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percent Change at Annual Rate, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    GDPNow is a nowcasting model for gross domestic product (GDP) growth that synthesizes the bridge equation approach relating GDP subcomponents to monthly source data with factor model and Bayesian vector autoregression approaches. The GDPNow model forecasts GDP growth by aggregating 13 subcomponents that make up GDP with the chain-weighting methodology used by the US Bureau of Economic Analysis. The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta's GDPNow release complements the quarterly GDP release from the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). The Atlanta Fed recalculates and updates their GDPNow forecasts (called "nowcasts") throughout the quarter as new data are released, up until the BEA releases its "advance estimate" of GDP for that quarter. The St. Louis Fed constructs a quarterly time series for this dataset, in which both historical and current observations values are combined. In general, the most-current observation is revised multiple times throughout the quarter. The final forecasted value (before the BEA's release of the advance estimate of GDP) is the static, historical value for that quarter. For futher information visit the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta (https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1).

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Imports of Goods represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Imports of Goods provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Imports of Services represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Imports of Services provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Imports of Goods and Services represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Imports of Goods and Services provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Personal Consumption Expenditures: Goods represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Personal Consumption Expenditures: Goods provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Personal Consumption Expenditures represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Personal Consumption Expenditures provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business: Intellectual Property Products represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business: Intellectual Property Products provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Residential represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Residential provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Personal Consumption Expenditures: Services represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Personal Consumption Expenditures: Services provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Government Investment: State and Local Government represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Government Investment: State and Local Government provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business: Equipment represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business: Equipment provides to real GDP growth. For any forecasts occurring on or before the second quarter of 2013, the Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business: Equipment was actually Equipment and Software. Currently, Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business: Equipment excludes Software. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business: Structures represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business: Structures provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Change of Net Exports of Goods and Services represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Change of Net Exports of Goods and Services provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Change of Inventory Investment represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Change of Inventory Investment provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percent Change at Annual Rate, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    The Nowcast for Real Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business: Intellectual Property Products uses a nowcasting model to synthesize the bridge equation approach relating GDP subcomponents to monthly source data with factor model and Bayesian vector autoregression approaches. The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta’s GDPNow release complements the quarterly GDP release from the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). The Atlanta Fed recalculates and updates their GDPNow forecasts (called “nowcasts”) throughout the quarter as new data are released, up until the BEA releases its “advance estimate” of GDP for that quarter. The St. Louis Fed constructs a quarterly time series for this dataset, in which both historical and current observations values are combined. In general, the most-current observation is revised multiple times throughout the quarter. The final forecasted value (before the BEA’s release of the advance estimate of GDP) is the static, historical value for that quarter. For futher information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission. All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD (2010), OECD National Accounts Statistics, http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na-data-en, (accessed on date)

  • Chained 2010 Yen, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission. All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD (2010), OECD National Accounts Statistics, http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na-data-en, (accessed on date)

  • Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission. All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD (2010), OECD National Accounts Statistics, http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na-data-en, (accessed on date)

  • Chained 2010 Euros, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission. All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD (2010), OECD National Accounts Statistics, http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na-data-en, (accessed on date)

  • Chained 2012 U.S. Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission. All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD (2010), OECD National Accounts Statistics, http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na-data-en, (accessed on date)

  • Ratio, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The data for household debt comprise debt incurred by resident households of the economy only. This FSI measures the overall level of household indebtedness (commonly related to consumer loans and mortgages) as a share of GDP. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Chained 2015 British Pounds, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission. All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD (2010), OECD National Accounts Statistics, http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na-data-en, (accessed on date)

  • Ratio, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    View the ratio of debt incurred by resident households of the U.S. economy as a percentage of economic output.

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: N154RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Billions of Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    BEA Account Code: W429RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Billions of Dollars, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    BEA Account Code: W452RC For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A713RV For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Billions of Chained 2012 Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: A544RX For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Index 2012=100, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    BEA Account Code: A362RA For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Billions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: N5009C For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: B688RL For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Billions of Chained 2012 Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: B705RX For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: B980RL For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Index 2012=100, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    BEA Account Code: BB05RG For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Index 2012=100, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    BEA Account Code: A353RG For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Index 2012=100, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    BEA Account Code: C027RA For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: B689RL For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: B910RL For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    BEA Account Code: B981RV For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.

  • Index 2012=100, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    BEA Account Code: C020RA For more information about this series, please see http://www.bea.gov/national/.


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