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  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Personal Consumption Expenditures represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Personal Consumption Expenditures provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Personal Consumption Expenditures: Goods represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Personal Consumption Expenditures: Goods provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Imports of Goods represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Imports of Goods provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business: Intellectual Property Products represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business: Intellectual Property Products provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percent Change at Annual Rate, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    The Nowcast for Real Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business: Intellectual Property Products uses a nowcasting model to synthesize the bridge equation approach relating GDP subcomponents to monthly source data with factor model and Bayesian vector autoregression approaches. The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta’s GDPNow release complements the quarterly GDP release from the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). The Atlanta Fed recalculates and updates their GDPNow forecasts (called “nowcasts”) throughout the quarter as new data are released, up until the BEA releases its “advance estimate” of GDP for that quarter. The St. Louis Fed constructs a quarterly time series for this dataset, in which both historical and current observations values are combined. In general, the most-current observation is revised multiple times throughout the quarter. The final forecasted value (before the BEA’s release of the advance estimate of GDP) is the static, historical value for that quarter. For futher information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Government Investment represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Government Investment provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Imports of Goods and Services represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Imports of Goods and Services provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Imports of Services represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Imports of Services provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Private Domestic Investment represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Private Domestic Investment provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percent Change at Annual Rate, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    GDPNow is a nowcasting model for gross domestic product (GDP) growth that synthesizes the bridge equation approach relating GDP subcomponents to monthly source data with factor model and Bayesian vector autoregression approaches. The GDPNow model forecasts GDP growth by aggregating 13 subcomponents that make up GDP with the chain-weighting methodology used by the US Bureau of Economic Analysis. The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta's GDPNow release complements the quarterly GDP release from the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). The Atlanta Fed recalculates and updates their GDPNow forecasts (called "nowcasts") throughout the quarter as new data are released, up until the BEA releases its "advance estimate" of GDP for that quarter. The St. Louis Fed constructs a quarterly time series for this dataset, in which both historical and current observations values are combined. In general, the most-current observation is revised multiple times throughout the quarter. The final forecasted value (before the BEA's release of the advance estimate of GDP) is the static, historical value for that quarter. For futher information visit the Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta (https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1).

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Government Investment: Federal Government represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Government Investment: Federal Government provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Final Sales of Domestic Product represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Final Sales of Domestic Product provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Exports of Goods represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Exports of Goods provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Exports of Services represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Exports of Services provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Change of Inventory Investment represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Change of Inventory Investment provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business: Equipment represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business: Equipment provides to real GDP growth. For any forecasts occurring on or before the second quarter of 2013, the Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business: Equipment was actually Equipment and Software. Currently, Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business: Equipment excludes Software. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Exports of Goods and Services represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Exports of Goods and Services provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Change of Net Exports of Goods and Services represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Change of Net Exports of Goods and Services provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Government Investment: State and Local Government represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Government Investment: State and Local Government provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Residential represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Residential provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Personal Consumption Expenditures: Services represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Personal Consumption Expenditures: Services provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Percentage Points, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Contributions to percent change in GDPNow: Real Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business: Structures represents the contribution in percentage points that the nowcast for Gross Private Domestic Investment: Fixed Investment: Business: Structures provides to real GDP growth. For further information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

  • Annualized Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Brave-Butters-Kelley Indexes (BBKI) are the byproduct of research originally conducted by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. Currently, the BBKI are maintained and produced by the Indiana Business Research Center at the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University. The BBK Coincident and Leading Indexes and Monthly GDP Growth for the U.S. are constructed from a collapsed dynamic factor analysis of a panel of 490 monthly measures of real economic activity and quarterly real GDP growth. The leading subcomponent of the cycle is expressed in annualized real GDP growth equivalent units. The cycle component is the sum of the leading and lagging subcomponents. This quarterly series is aggregated from the monthly version of the series (BBKMCLE (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/BBKMCLE)), using the triangle average described in Brave, Butters, and Kelley (2019) (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/economic-perspectives/2019/1) to approximate quarterly annualized (log) percent changes from the monthly series. For more details, see also: Brave, Scott A., Ross Cole, and David Kelley, 2019, A 'big data' view of the U.S. economy: Introducing the Brave-Butters-Kelley Indexes (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/chicago-fed-letter/2019/422), Chicago Fed Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, No. 422. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.21033/cfl-2019-422 Brave, Scott A., R. Andrew Butters, and David Kelley, 2019, A new 'big data' index of U.S. economic activity (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/economic-perspectives/2019/1), Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Vol. 43, No. 1. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.21033/ep-2019-1

  • Standard Deviations, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Brave-Butters-Kelley Indexes (BBKI) are the byproduct of research originally conducted by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. Currently, the BBKI are maintained and produced by the Indiana Business Research Center at the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University. The BBK Coincident and Leading Indexes and Monthly GDP Growth for the U.S. are constructed from a collapsed dynamic factor analysis of a panel of 490 monthly measures of real economic activity and quarterly real GDP growth. The BBK Leading Index is the leading subcomponent of the cycle measured in standard deviation units from trend real GDP growth. This quarterly series is aggregated from the monthly version of the series (BBKMLEIX (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/BBKMLEIX)), using the triangle average described in Brave, Butters, and Kelley (2019) (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/economic-perspectives/2019/1) to approximate quarterly annualized (log) percent changes from the monthly series. For more details, see also: Brave, Scott A., Ross Cole, and David Kelley, 2019, A 'big data' view of the U.S. economy: Introducing the Brave-Butters-Kelley Indexes (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/chicago-fed-letter/2019/422), Chicago Fed Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, No. 422. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.21033/cfl-2019-422 Brave, Scott A., R. Andrew Butters, and David Kelley, 2019, A new 'big data' index of U.S. economic activity (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/economic-perspectives/2019/1), Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Vol. 43, No. 1. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.21033/ep-2019-1

  • Annualized Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Brave-Butters-Kelley Indexes (BBKI) are the byproduct of research originally conducted by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. Currently, the BBKI are maintained and produced by the Indiana Business Research Center at the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University. The BBK Coincident and Leading Indexes and Monthly GDP Growth for the U.S. are constructed from a collapsed dynamic factor analysis of a panel of 490 monthly measures of real economic activity and quarterly real GDP growth. The lagging subcomponent of the cycle expressed in annualized real GDP growth equivalent units. The cycle component is the sum of the leading and lagging subcomponents. This quarterly series is aggregated from the monthly version of the series (BBKMCLA (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/BBKMCLA)), using the triangle average described in Brave, Butters, and Kelley (2019) (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/economic-perspectives/2019/1) to approximate quarterly annualized (log) percent changes from the monthly series. For more details, see also: Brave, Scott A., Ross Cole, and David Kelley, 2019, A 'big data' view of the U.S. economy: Introducing the Brave-Butters-Kelley Indexes (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/chicago-fed-letter/2019/422), Chicago Fed Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, No. 422. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.21033/cfl-2019-422 Brave, Scott A., R. Andrew Butters, and David Kelley, 2019, A new 'big data' index of U.S. economic activity (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/economic-perspectives/2019/1), Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Vol. 43, No. 1. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.21033/ep-2019-1

  • Annualized Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Brave-Butters-Kelley Indexes (BBKI) are the byproduct of research originally conducted by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. Currently, the BBKI are maintained and produced by the Indiana Business Research Center at the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University. The BBK Coincident and Leading Indexes and Monthly GDP Growth for the U.S. are constructed from a collapsed dynamic factor analysis of a panel of 490 monthly measures of real economic activity and quarterly real GDP growth. The trend component of GDP is expressed in annualized real GDP growth equivalent units. This quarterly series is aggregated from the monthly version of the series (BBKMTRD (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/BBKMTRD)), using the triangle average described in Brave, Butters, and Kelley (2019) (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/economic-perspectives/2019/1) to approximate quarterly annualized (log) percent changes from the monthly series. For more details, see also: Brave, Scott A., Ross Cole, and David Kelley, 2019, A 'big data' view of the U.S. economy: Introducing the Brave-Butters-Kelley Indexes (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/chicago-fed-letter/2019/422), Chicago Fed Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, No. 422. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.21033/cfl-2019-422 Brave, Scott A., R. Andrew Butters, and David Kelley, 2019, A new 'big data' index of U.S. economic activity (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/economic-perspectives/2019/1), Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Vol. 43, No. 1. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.21033/ep-2019-1

  • Annualized Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Brave-Butters-Kelley Indexes (BBKI) are the byproduct of research originally conducted by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. Currently, the BBKI are maintained and produced by the Indiana Business Research Center at the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University. The BBK Coincident and Leading Indexes and Monthly GDP Growth for the U.S. are constructed from a collapsed dynamic factor analysis of a panel of 490 monthly measures of real economic activity and quarterly real GDP growth. The cycle component of GDP is expressed in annualized real GDP growth equivalent units. The cycle component is the sum of the leading and lagging subcomponents. This quarterly series is aggregated from the monthly version of the series (BBKMCY (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/BBKMCY)), using the triangle average described in Brave, Butters, and Kelley (2019) (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/economic-perspectives/2019/1) to approximate quarterly annualized (log) percent changes from the monthly series. For more details, see also: ave, Scott A., Ross Cole, and David Kelley, 2019, A 'big data' view of the U.S. economy: Introducing the Brave-Butters-Kelley Indexes (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/chicago-fed-letter/2019/422), Chicago Fed Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, No. 422. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.21033/cfl-2019-422 Brave, Scott A., R. Andrew Butters, and David Kelley, 2019, A new 'big data' index of U.S. economic activity (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/economic-perspectives/2019/1), Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Vol. 43, No. 1. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.21033/ep-2019-1

  • Standard Deviations, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Brave-Butters-Kelley Indexes (BBKI) are the byproduct of research originally conducted by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. Currently, the BBKI are maintained and produced by the Indiana Business Research Center at the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University. The BBK Coincident and Leading Indexes and Monthly GDP Growth for the U.S. are constructed from a collapsed dynamic factor analysis of a panel of 490 monthly measures of real economic activity and quarterly real GDP growth. The BBK Coincident Index is the sum of the leading and lagging subcomponents of the cycle measured in standard deviation units from trend real GDP growth. This quarterly series is aggregated from the monthly version of the series (BBKMCOIX (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/BBKMCOIX)), using the triangle average described in Brave, Butters, and Kelley (2019) (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/economic-perspectives/2019/1) to approximate quarterly annualized (log) percent changes from the monthly series. For more details, see also: Brave, Scott A., Ross Cole, and David Kelley, 2019, A 'big data' view of the U.S. economy: Introducing the Brave-Butters-Kelley Indexes (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/chicago-fed-letter/2019/422), Chicago Fed Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, No. 422. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.21033/cfl-2019-422 Brave, Scott A., R. Andrew Butters, and David Kelley, 2019, A new 'big data' index of U.S. economic activity (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/economic-perspectives/2019/1), Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Vol. 43, No. 1. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.21033/ep-2019-1

  • Annualized Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Brave-Butters-Kelley Indexes (BBKI) are the byproduct of research originally conducted by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. Currently, the BBKI are maintained and produced by the Indiana Business Research Center at the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University. The BBK Coincident and Leading Indexes and Monthly GDP Growth for the U.S. are constructed from a collapsed dynamic factor analysis of a panel of 490 monthly measures of real economic activity and quarterly real GDP growth. The BBK Monthly GDP Growth is indexed to the quarterly estimates of real GDP growth from the U.S. Bureau of Economic Analysis and consists of three components: cycle, trend, and irregular components. This quarterly series is aggregated from the monthly version of the series (BBKMGDP (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/BBKMGDP)), using the triangle average described in Brave, Butters, and Kelley (2019) (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/economic-perspectives/2019/1) to approximate quarterly annualized (log) percent changes from the monthly series. For more details, see also: Brave, Scott A., Ross Cole, and David Kelley, 2019, A 'big data' view of the U.S. economy: Introducing the Brave-Butters-Kelley Indexes (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/chicago-fed-letter/2019/422), Chicago Fed Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, No. 422. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.21033/cfl-2019-422 Brave, Scott A., R. Andrew Butters, and David Kelley, 2019, A new 'big data' index of U.S. economic activity (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/economic-perspectives/2019/1), Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Vol. 43, No. 1. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.21033/ep-2019-1

  • Annualized Percent Change from Preceding Period, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Brave-Butters-Kelley Indexes (BBKI) are the byproduct of research originally conducted by the Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago. Currently, the BBKI are maintained and produced by the Indiana Business Research Center at the Kelley School of Business at Indiana University. The BBK Coincident and Leading Indexes and Monthly GDP Growth for the U.S. are constructed from a collapsed dynamic factor analysis of a panel of 490 monthly measures of real economic activity and quarterly real GDP growth. The irregular component of GDP is expressed in annualized real GDP growth equivalent units. This quarterly series is aggregated from the monthly version of the series (BBKMIR (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/BBKMIR)), using the triangle average described in Brave, Butters, and Kelley (2019) (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/economic-perspectives/2019/1) to approximate quarterly annualized (log) percent changes from the monthly series. For more details, see also: Brave, Scott A., Ross Cole, and David Kelley, 2019, A 'big data' view of the U.S. economy: Introducing the Brave-Butters-Kelley Indexes (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/chicago-fed-letter/2019/422), Chicago Fed Letter, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, No. 422. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.21033/cfl-2019-422 Brave, Scott A., R. Andrew Butters, and David Kelley, 2019, A new 'big data' index of U.S. economic activity (https://www.chicagofed.org/publications/economic-perspectives/2019/1), Economic Perspectives, Federal Reserve Bank of Chicago, Vol. 43, No. 1. Crossref, https://doi.org/10.21033/ep-2019-1

  • Index, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

  • Domestic Currency, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

  • Chained 2010 Yen, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission. All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD (2010), OECD National Accounts Statistics, http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na-data-en, (accessed on date)

  • Chained 2012 U.S. Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission. All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD (2010), OECD National Accounts Statistics, http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/na-data-en, (accessed on date)

  • Ratio, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The data for household debt comprise debt incurred by resident households of the economy only. This FSI measures the overall level of household indebtedness (commonly related to consumer loans and mortgages) as a share of GDP. Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

  • Millions of Pounds, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Crown Copyright, 2016. Source: Office for National Statistics licensed under the Open Government Licence v.1.0.

  • Percent Change at Annual Rate, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    St. Louis Fed’s Economic News Index (ENI) uses economic content from key monthly economic data releases to forecast the growth of real GDP during that quarter. In general, the most-current observation is revised multiple times throughout the quarter. The final forecasted value (before the BEA’s release of the advance estimate of GDP) is the static, historical value for that quarter. For more information, see Grover, Sean P.; Kliesen, Kevin L.; and McCracken, Michael W. “A Macroeconomic News Index for Constructing Nowcasts of U.S. Real Gross Domestic Product Growth" (https://research.stlouisfed.org/publications/review/2016/12/05/a-macroeconomic-news-index-for-constructing-nowcasts-of-u-s-real-gross-domestic-product-growth/ )

  • Millions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Index 2012=100, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Millions of Chained 2012 Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Millions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Millions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Index 2012=100, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Index 2012=100, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Millions of Chained 2012 Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Index 2012=100, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Millions of Chained 2012 Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Millions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Index 2012=100, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Millions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Index 2012=100, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Millions of Chained 2012 Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Millions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Millions of Chained 2012 Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Millions of Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Millions of Chained 2012 Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Index 2012=100, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.

  • Millions of Chained 2012 Dollars, Quarterly, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

    For more information about this release go to http://www.bea.gov/newsreleases/regional/gdp_state/qgsp_newsrelease.htm.


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