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  • Ratio, Biweekly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Updates of this series will be ceased on December 19, 2019. There is no direct replacement to this seasonally adjusted series. Interested users can construct a proxy of the series as the ratio of M1 from the H.6 release and the monetary base from the H.3 release. The discontinued series plotted on the same graph with the calculated data can be accessed for comparison here (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/graph/?g=wroO). For more details, see the FRED Announcement (https://news.research.stlouisfed.org/2019/12/discontinuance-of-st-louis-monetary-base-and-reserves-data/).

  • Ratio, Biweekly, Seasonally Adjusted

    This series was discontinued on July 14, 2003. For information on the construction of this series, please refer to http://research.stlouisfed.org/aggreg/newbase.html. For information on the reconstructed series (MULT), available starting on July 14, 2003, please refer to http://research.stlouisfed.org/aggreg/RAMReconstruction.pdf.


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