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  • Dollars per Each, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Series Is Presented Here As Two Variables--(1)--Original Data, 1913-1937 (2)--Original Data, 1933-1944. Monthly Data Were Available Beginning In 1933. Annual Averages Date To 1913. The 1937 Annual Figure For The Two Variables Has A Ratio Of 1.063 (1937 2Nd Segment Divided By The 1St Segment Yields 877.43/825.31=1.063. Source: Bls Letters For 1933, 1934, 1936, 1937; Bls "Wholesale Prices, " January, 1936, P.17, For 1935; Current Bulletins For 1938 And Succeeding Years. This NBER data series m04137b appears on the NBER website in Chapter 4 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter04.html. NBER Indicator: m04137b

  • Number per Workday, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Series Is Presented Here As 2 Variables: (1) Original Data, 1938-40; (2) Original Data, 1945-56. Source: Federal Housing Administration, "Monthly Report Of Fha Insuring Operations" This NBER data series m02163a appears on the NBER website in Chapter 2 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter02.html. NBER Indicator: m02163a

  • Number per Workday, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Series Is Presented Here As 2 Variables: (1) Original Data, 1938-41; (2) Original Data, 1947-56. Figures For 11/1946-3/1948, And 5/1950 Adjusted Downward By Source To "Eliminate Effects Of Amendments To The National Housing Act Or Of Administrative Changes Affecting The Magnitude Of These Data Series." - Letter Of 6/6/1956 To NBER By A. F. Thornton, Director, Div. Of Res. & Statistics, F.H.A. Source: Federal Housing Administration, Division Of Research And Statistics This NBER data series m02164a appears on the NBER website in Chapter 2 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter02.html. NBER Indicator: m02164a

  • Millions of Current Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Source: Federal Home Loan Bank Board, Supplements To"Survey Of Current Business, " 1939-June 1954, Except 1944-46, "Survey Of Current Business, May 1950;"Mortgage Recording Letter" Thereafter This NBER data series m02173 appears on the NBER website in Chapter 2 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter02.html. NBER Indicator: m02173

  • Percent per Annum, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    This series was constructed by the Bank of England as part of the Three Centuries of Macroeconomic Data project by combining data from a number of academic and official sources. For more information, please refer to the Three Centuries spreadsheet at https://www.bankofengland.co.uk/statistics/research-datasets. Users are advised to check the underlying assumptions behind this series in the relevant worksheets of the spreadsheet. In many cases alternative assumptions might be appropriate. Users are permitted to reproduce this series in their own work as it represents Bank calculations and manipulations of underlying series that are the copyright of the Bank of England provided that underlying sources are cited appropriately. For appropriate citation please see the Three Centuries spreadsheet for guidance and a list of the underlying sources.

  • Number per Workday, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Series Is Presented Here As 2 Variables: (1) Original Data, 1938-40; (2) Original Data, 1945-56. Source: Federal Housing Administration, "Monthly Report Of Fha Insuring Operations" This NBER data series m02163b appears on the NBER website in Chapter 2 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter02.html. NBER Indicator: m02163b

  • Number per Workday, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Series Is Presented Here As 2 Variables: (1) Original Data, 1938-41; (2) Original Data, 1947-56. Figures For 11/1946-3/1948, And 5/1950 Adjusted Downward By Source To "Eliminate Effects Of Amendments To The National Housing Act Or Of Administrative Changes Affecting The Magnitude Of These Data Series." - Letter Of 6/6/1956 To NBER By A. F. Thornton, Director, Div. Of Res. & Statistics, F.H.A. Source: Federal Housing Administration, Division Of Research And Statistics This NBER data series m02164b appears on the NBER website in Chapter 2 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter02.html. NBER Indicator: m02164b

  • Percent, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Data Through June 1961 Are Based On 25 Year Mortgages Prepaid In 12 Years; Data For July 1961-1965 Are Based On 30 Year Mortgages Prepaid In 15 Years. Source: U.S. Department Of Commerce, Business Condition Digest. This NBER data series m13045 appears on the NBER website in Chapter 13 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter13.html. NBER Indicator: m13045

  • Percentage Points, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Sahm Recession Indicator signals the start of a recession when the three-month moving average of the national unemployment rate (U3) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/UNRATE) rises by 0.50 percentage points or more relative to its low during the previous 12 months.

  • Millions of Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Source: Life Insurance Association Of America, Data For 1952-1960 Are From Association Files; Data For 1961-1967 Are From The Monthly Release, "Forward Investment Of Commitments Of Life Insurance Companies" This NBER data series m10127 appears on the NBER website in Chapter 10 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter10.html. NBER Indicator: m10127

  • Millions of Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Source: Life Insurance Association Of America, Data For 1952-1960 Are From Association Files; Data For 1961-1967 Are From The Monthly Release, "Forward Investment Of Commitments Of Life Insurance Companies" This NBER data series m10128 appears on the NBER website in Chapter 10 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter10.html. NBER Indicator: m10128

  • Millions of Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Source: Life Insurance Association Of America, Data For 1952-1960 Are From Association Files; Data For 1961-1967 Are From The Monthly Release, "Forward Investment Of Commitments Of Life Insurance Companies" This NBER data series m10129 appears on the NBER website in Chapter 10 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter10.html. NBER Indicator: m10129

  • Millions of Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Source: Life Insurance Association Of America, Data For 1952-1963: Mimeographed Summary Table On "New Commitments Of Reporting Life Insurance Companies"; Data For 1964-1965: Monthly Tabulation Of "Forward Investment Commitments Of Life Insurance Companies" This NBER data series m10169 appears on the NBER website in Chapter 10 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter10.html. NBER Indicator: m10169

  • Millions of Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Source: Life Insurance Association Of America, Data For 1952-1963: Mimeographed Summary Table On "New Commitments Of Reporting Life Insurance Companies"; Data For 1964-1965: Monthly Tabulation Of "Forward Investment Commitments Of Life Insurance Companies" This NBER data series m10170 appears on the NBER website in Chapter 10 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter10.html. NBER Indicator: m10170

  • Millions of Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Source: Life Insurance Association Of America, Data For 1952-1963: Mimeographed Summary Table On "New Commitments Of Reporting Life Insurance Companies"; Data For 1964-1965: Monthly Tabulation Of "Forward Investment Commitments Of Life Insurance Companies" This NBER data series m10171 appears on the NBER website in Chapter 10 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter10.html. NBER Indicator: m10171

  • Billions of Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Data Are At Annual Rate. Source: Data Derived By NBER From Series 10111-115 (Mortgage Debt Held By Financial Institutions And Life Insurance Companies) This NBER data series m10131 appears on the NBER website in Chapter 10 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter10.html. NBER Indicator: m10131

  • Billions of Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Series Is Presented Here As Three Variables--(1)--Original Data, 1955-1959 (2)--Original Data, 1959-1966 (3)--Original Data, 1965-1968. Bank Holdings Are Here Represented By Those Of The Weekly Reporting Member Banks (Between 80% And 90% Of Commercial Banks) And They Refer To The Last Wednesday Of Each Month. The Member Bank Statement Was Revised In July 1959; There Was Only Little Effect On Real Estate Loans Except That Of Increase In Coverage (See The Variables Covering 1959-1966. Source: Data Derived By NBER From The Following Sources: Federal Reserve Bulletins; Fhlb"Selected Balance Sheet Data, All Operating Savings And Loan Associations"; Savings Bank Journal; Statistical Bulletin, National Association Of Mutual Savings Banks;"Trends In Savings And Lending At Savings And Load Associations";"The Life Insurance Tally" This NBER data series m10130a appears on the NBER website in Chapter 10 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter10.html. NBER Indicator: m10130a

  • Billions of Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Series Is Presented Here As Three Variables--(1)--Original Data, 1955-1959 (2)--Original Data, 1959-1966 (3)--Original Data, 1965-1968. The Figures For January-June, 1959 Include Member Bank Holdings Adjusted To Reflect New Coverage; From July 1959 On, Member Bank Holdings Represent Revised Figures. Source: Data Derived By NBER From The Following Sources: Federal Reserve Bulletins; Fhlb"Selected Balance Sheet Data, All Operating Savings And Loan Associations"; Savings Bank Journal; Statistical Bulletin, National Association Of Mutual Savings Banks;"Trends In Savings And Lending At Savings And Load Associations";"The Life Insurance Tally" This NBER data series m10130b appears on the NBER website in Chapter 10 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter10.html. NBER Indicator: m10130b

  • Percentage Points, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Sahm Recession Indicator signals the start of a recession when the three-month moving average of the national unemployment rate (U3) (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/UNRATE) rises by 0.50 percentage points or more relative to its low during the previous 12 months. This indicator is based on "real-time" data, that is, the unemployment rate (and the recent history of unemployment rates) that were available in a given month. The BLS revises the unemployment rate each year at the beginning of January, when the December unemployment rate for the prior year is published. Revisions to the seasonal factors can affect estimates in recent years. Otherwise the unemployment rate does not revise.

  • Percent, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

  • Billions of Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Series Is Presented Here As Three Variables--(1)--Original Data, 1955-1959 (2)--Original Data, 1959-1966 (3)--Original Data, 1965-1968. The Figures For January Of Both 1966 And 1967 Reflect Changes In Coverage For Savings And Loan Associations. Month To Month Changes Are Derived From The First January Figure For December-January; From The Second January Figure For January-February. Source: Data Derived By NBER From The Following Sources: Federal Reserve Bulletins; Fhlb"Selected Balance Sheet Data, All Operating Savings And Loan Associations"; Savings Bank Journal; Statistical Bulletin, National Association Of Mutual Savings Banks;"Trends In Savings And Lending At Savings And Load Associations";"The Life Insurance Tally" This NBER data series m10130c appears on the NBER website in Chapter 10 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter10.html. NBER Indicator: m10130c

  • Percent, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The Federal Reserve Board has discontinued this series as of October 11, 2016. More information, including possible alternative series, can be found at http://www.federalreserve.gov/feeds/h15.html. Contract interest rates on commitments for fixed-rate first mortgages. Source: Primary Mortgage Market Survey data provided by Freddie Mac. Copyright, 2016, Freddie Mac. Reprinted with permission.

  • Index 2010=100, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: CPRPTT02 OECD unit ID: IXOB OECD country ID: GBR All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Index Points, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    As of August 3, 2017, updates of the labor market conditions index (LMCI) have been discontinued; the July 7, 2017 vintage is the final estimate from this model. The Board decided to stop updating the LMCI because they believe it no longer provides a good summary of changes in U.S. labor market conditions. Specifically, model estimates turned out to be more sensitive to the detrending procedure than expected, the measurement of some indicators in recent years has changed in ways that significantly degraded their signal content, and including average hourly earnings as an indicator did not provide a meaningful link between labor market conditions and wage growth. The LMCI is derived from a dynamic factor model that extracts the primary common variation from 19, seasonally-adjusted, labor market indicators. Users can read about the included indicators at http://www.federalreserve.gov/econresdata/notes/feds-notes/2014/updating-the-labor-market-conditions-index-20141001.html. Users of the LMCI should take note that the entire history of the LMCI may revise each month. Three sources contribute to such revisions. The first source is new data that were not available at the time of the employment report. In particular, at the time of the Employment Situation report each month, the quit rate and hiring rate will be missing for the last two months of the sample because the Job Openings and Labor Turnover Survey is published with a longer lag than the model's other indicators. In subsequent months, as these data become available, the LMCI will revise. The second source of revision comes from revisions to existing data. Many labor market indicators are subject to revision as additional source data become available or to incorporate annual benchmark revisions or updated seasonal adjustment factors. Prominent examples in the LMCI include the three payroll employment series from the Current Employment Statistics program. The third source of revision is inherent to the model. The LMCI is derived from the Kalman smoother, meaning that the estimate of the index in any particular month is the model's best assessment given all past and future observations. Thus, when a new month of data is added to the sample, the model will revise its estimate of history in response to the new information. In practice, these revisions tend to be modest and concentrated in the most-recent six months of the sample.

  • Percent, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: IRLOHO02 OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: LUX All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    These data come from the Current Population Survey (CPS), also known as the household survey. Civilian Labor Force includes all persons in the civilian noninstitutional population ages 16 and older classified as either employed or unemployed. Employed persons are all persons who, during the reference week (the week including the 12th day of the month), (a) did any work as paid employees, worked in their own business or profession or on their own farm, or worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers in an enterprise operated by a member of their family, or (b) were not working but who had jobs from which they were temporarily absent because of vacation, illness, bad weather, childcare problems, maternity or paternity leave, labor-management dispute, job training, or other family or personal reasons, whether or not they were paid for the time off or were seeking other jobs. Each employed person is counted only once, even if he or she holds more than one job. Unemployed persons are all persons who had no employment during the reference week, were available for work, except for temporary illness, and had made specific efforts to find employment some time during the 4 week-period ending with the reference week. Persons who were waiting to be recalled to a job from which they had been laid off need not have been looking for work to be classified as unemployed. The unemployment rate is the unemployed percent of the civilian labor force [100 times (unemployed/civilian labor force)]. For more details, see the release's <a href=https://www.bls.gov/lau/laufaq.htm>frequently asked questions</a>.

  • Persons, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    These data come from the Current Population Survey (CPS), also known as the household survey. Civilian Labor Force includes all persons in the civilian noninstitutional population ages 16 and older classified as either employed or unemployed. Employed persons are all persons who, during the reference week (the week including the 12th day of the month), (a) did any work as paid employees, worked in their own business or profession or on their own farm, or worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers in an enterprise operated by a member of their family, or (b) were not working but who had jobs from which they were temporarily absent because of vacation, illness, bad weather, childcare problems, maternity or paternity leave, labor-management dispute, job training, or other family or personal reasons, whether or not they were paid for the time off or were seeking other jobs. Each employed person is counted only once, even if he or she holds more than one job. Unemployed persons are all persons who had no employment during the reference week, were available for work, except for temporary illness, and had made specific efforts to find employment some time during the 4 week-period ending with the reference week. Persons who were waiting to be recalled to a job from which they had been laid off need not have been looking for work to be classified as unemployed. For more details, see the release's <a href=https://www.bls.gov/lau/laufaq.htm>frequently asked questions</a>.

  • Persons, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    These data come from the Current Population Survey (CPS), also known as the household survey. Civilian Labor Force includes all persons in the civilian noninstitutional population ages 16 and older classified as either employed or unemployed. Employed persons are all persons who, during the reference week (the week including the 12th day of the month), (a) did any work as paid employees, worked in their own business or profession or on their own farm, or worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers in an enterprise operated by a member of their family, or (b) were not working but who had jobs from which they were temporarily absent because of vacation, illness, bad weather, childcare problems, maternity or paternity leave, labor-management dispute, job training, or other family or personal reasons, whether or not they were paid for the time off or were seeking other jobs. Each employed person is counted only once, even if he or she holds more than one job. Unemployed persons are all persons who had no employment during the reference week, were available for work, except for temporary illness, and had made specific efforts to find employment some time during the 4 week-period ending with the reference week. Persons who were waiting to be recalled to a job from which they had been laid off need not have been looking for work to be classified as unemployed. For more details, see the release's <a href=https://www.bls.gov/lau/laufaq.htm>frequently asked questions</a>.

  • Persons, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    These data come from the Current Population Survey (CPS), also known as the household survey. Civilian Labor Force includes all persons in the civilian noninstitutional population ages 16 and older classified as either employed or unemployed. Employed persons are all persons who, during the reference week (the week including the 12th day of the month), (a) did any work as paid employees, worked in their own business or profession or on their own farm, or worked 15 hours or more as unpaid workers in an enterprise operated by a member of their family, or (b) were not working but who had jobs from which they were temporarily absent because of vacation, illness, bad weather, childcare problems, maternity or paternity leave, labor-management dispute, job training, or other family or personal reasons, whether or not they were paid for the time off or were seeking other jobs. Each employed person is counted only once, even if he or she holds more than one job. Unemployed persons are all persons who had no employment during the reference week, were available for work, except for temporary illness, and had made specific efforts to find employment some time during the 4 week-period ending with the reference week. Persons who were waiting to be recalled to a job from which they had been laid off need not have been looking for work to be classified as unemployed. For more details, see the release's <a href=https://www.bls.gov/lau/laufaq.htm>frequently asked questions</a>.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Percent Change at Annual Rate, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release (http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8)

  • Percent Change at Annual Rate, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release (http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8)

  • Percent Change at Annual Rate, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release (http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8)

  • Percent Change at Annual Rate, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release (http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8)

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.

  • Billions of U.S. Dollars, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    For further information, please refer to the Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System's H.8 release, online at http://www.federalreserve.gov/releases/h8/.


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