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  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Starting with the July, 2021 report: An Update to the Budget and Economic Outlook: 2021 to 2031 (https://www.cbo.gov/publication/57218), this series was renamed from "Natural Rate of Unemployment (Long-Term)" to "Noncyclical Rate of Unemployment". The natural rate of unemployment (NAIRU) is the rate of unemployment arising from all sources except fluctuations in aggregate demand. Estimates of potential GDP are based on the long-term natural rate. (CBO did not make explicit adjustments to the short-term natural rate for structural factors before the recent downturn.) The short-term natural rate incorporates structural factors that are temporarily boosting the natural rate beginning in 2008. The short-term natural rate is used to gauge the amount of current and projected slack in labor markets, which is a key input into CBO's projections of inflation.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    This series last appeared in the February, 2021 report: NROU (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/NROU)), formerly called "Natural Rate of Unemployment (Long-Term)." The natural rate of unemployment (NAIRU) is the rate of unemployment arising from all sources except fluctuations in aggregate demand. Estimates of potential GDP are based on the long-term natural rate. (CBO did not make explicit adjustments to the short-term natural rate for structural factors before the recent downturn.) The short-term natural rate incorporates structural factors that are temporarily boosting the natural rate beginning in 2008. The short-term natural rate is used to gauge the amount of current and projected slack in labor markets, which is a key input into CBO's projections of inflation.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFHUTTMA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: CAN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFHUADMA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: CAN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRUN24FE OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: CAN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRHUADMA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: CAN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFUNTTMA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: CAN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFUN64MA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: CAN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFUN25FE OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: CAN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFUN24TT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: CAN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFUN24MA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: CAN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LMUNRLTT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: AUT All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRHUADMA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRHU24FE OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFUN74TT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRUN55MA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRUN55FE OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFUN64MA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFUN64FE OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFUN25MA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFUNTTMA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFHUTTMA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFHUTTFE OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFHUADTT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFHU24MA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRUN64TT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRHUTTTT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LMUNRLTT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: HUN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFHUADFE OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFHU24TT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFHUTTTT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: CAN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFHU24TT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: CAN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRUNTTMA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRUN64FE OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: USA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRUNTTMA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: CAN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRUN64FE OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: CAN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRHUTTMA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: CAN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRHUTTTT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: PRT All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRHUTTMA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: PRT All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRHUADTT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: PRT All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRHU24TT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: PRT All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRHU24FE OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: PRT All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LMUNRLTT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: SVK All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LMUNRLTT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: RUS All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFHUTTMA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: SWE All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LMUNRLTT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: BEL All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFHU24TT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: AUT All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRHUTTTT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: BEL All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRHUTTMA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: AUT All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRUNTTMA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: AUS All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRUN24TT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: AUS All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRUN24MA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: AUS All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LFHUTTFE OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: AUS All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRHUTTMA OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: AUS All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRHUTTTT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: GRC All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LMUNRLTT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: GBR All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Persons, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LMUNRLTT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: FRA All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRHUTTFE OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: FIN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRHUADTT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: FIN All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    OECD descriptor ID: LRHUADTT OECD unit ID: ST OECD country ID: ESP All OECD data should be cited as follows: OECD, "Main Economic Indicators - complete database", Main Economic Indicators (database),http://dx.doi.org/10.1787/data-00052-en (Accessed on date) Copyright, 2016, OECD. Reprinted with permission.


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