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  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Starting with the July, 2021 report: An Update to the Budget and Economic Outlook: 2021 to 2031 (https://www.cbo.gov/publication/57218), this series was renamed from "Natural Rate of Unemployment (Long-Term)" to "Noncyclical Rate of Unemployment". The natural rate of unemployment (NAIRU) is the rate of unemployment arising from all sources except fluctuations in aggregate demand. Estimates of potential GDP are based on the long-term natural rate. (CBO did not make explicit adjustments to the short-term natural rate for structural factors before the recent downturn.) The short-term natural rate incorporates structural factors that are temporarily boosting the natural rate beginning in 2008. The short-term natural rate is used to gauge the amount of current and projected slack in labor markets, which is a key input into CBO's projections of inflation.

  • Percent, Quarterly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    This series last appeared in the February, 2021 report: NROU (https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/NROU)), formerly called "Natural Rate of Unemployment (Long-Term)." The natural rate of unemployment (NAIRU) is the rate of unemployment arising from all sources except fluctuations in aggregate demand. Estimates of potential GDP are based on the long-term natural rate. (CBO did not make explicit adjustments to the short-term natural rate for structural factors before the recent downturn.) The short-term natural rate incorporates structural factors that are temporarily boosting the natural rate beginning in 2008. The short-term natural rate is used to gauge the amount of current and projected slack in labor markets, which is a key input into CBO's projections of inflation.

  • Fourth Quarter, Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Projections for the unemployment rate are for the average civilian unemployment rate in the fourth quarter of each year. Each participant's projections are based on his or her assessment of appropriate monetary policy. The range for each variable in a given year includes all participants' projections, from lowest to highest, for that variable in the given year; the central tendencies exclude the three highest and three lowest projections for each year. This series represents the high value of the central tendency forecast established by the Federal Open Market Committee. Digitized originals of this release can be found at https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=677.

  • Fourth Quarter, Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Projections for the unemployment rate are for the average civilian unemployment rate in the fourth quarter of each year. Each participant's projections are based on his or her assessment of appropriate monetary policy. The range for each variable in a given year includes all participants' projections, from lowest to highest, for that variable in the given year; the central tendencies exclude the three highest and three lowest projections for each year. This series represents the low value of the central tendency forecast established by the Federal Open Market Committee. Digitized originals of this release can be found at https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=677.

  • Fourth Quarter, Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Projections for the unemployment rate are for the average civilian unemployment rate in the fourth quarter of each year. Each participant's projections are based on his or her assessment of appropriate monetary policy. The range for each variable in a given year includes all participants' projections, from lowest to highest, for that variable in the given year. This series represents the low value of the range forecast established by the Federal Open Market Committee. Digitized originals of this release can be found at https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=677.

  • Fourth Quarter, Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Projections for the unemployment rate are for the average civilian unemployment rate in the fourth quarter of each year. Each participant's projections are based on his or her assessment of appropriate monetary policy. The range for each variable in a given year includes all participants' projections, from lowest to highest, for that variable in the given year. This series represents the midpoint of the range forecast's high and low values established by the Federal Open Market Committee. Digitized originals of this release can be found at https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=677.

  • Fourth Quarter, Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Projections for the unemployment rate are for the average civilian unemployment rate in the fourth quarter of each year. Each participant's projections are based on his or her assessment of appropriate monetary policy. The range for each variable in a given year includes all participants' projections, from lowest to highest, for that variable in the given year. This series represents the high value of the range forecast established by the Federal Open Market Committee. Digitized originals of this release can be found at https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=677.

  • Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Projections for the unemployment rate are for the average civilian unemployment rate in the fourth quarter of each year. Each participant's projections are based on his or her assessment of appropriate monetary policy. The range for each variable in a given year includes all participants' projections, from lowest to highest, for that variable in the given year. This series represents the median value of the range forecast established by the Federal Open Market Committee. For each period, the median is the middle projection when the projections are arranged from lowest to highest. When the number of projections is even, the median is the average of the two middle projections. Digitized originals of this release can be found at https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=677.

  • Fourth Quarter, Percent, Annual, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Projections for the unemployment rate are for the average civilian unemployment rate in the fourth quarter of each year. Each participant's projections are based on his or her assessment of appropriate monetary policy. The range for each variable in a given year includes all participants' projections, from lowest to highest, for that variable in the given year; the central tendencies exclude the three highest and three lowest projections for each year. This series represents the midpoint of the central tendency forecast's high and low values established by the Federal Open Market Committee. Digitized originals of this release can be found at https://fraser.stlouisfed.org/publication/?pid=677.

  • Number, Weekly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    An initial claim is a claim filed by an unemployed individual after a separation from an employer. The Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) is a program that temporarily expanded unemployment insurance eligibility to self-employed workers, freelancers, independent contractors and part-time workers impacted by the coronavirus pandemic in 2020. This program was established by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, which expanded states' ability to provide unemployment insurance to many workers affected by COVID-19, including people who aren't ordinarily eligible for unemployment benefits.

  • Number, Weekly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    An initial claim is a claim filed by an unemployed individual after a separation from an employer. The Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) is a program that temporarily expanded unemployment insurance eligibility to self-employed workers, freelancers, independent contractors and part-time workers impacted by the coronavirus pandemic in 2020. This program was established by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, which expanded states' ability to provide unemployment insurance to many workers affected by COVID-19, including people who aren't ordinarily eligible for unemployment benefits.

  • Number, Weekly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Continued claims, also referred to as insured unemployment, is the number of people who have already filed an initial claim and who have experienced a week of unemployment and then filed a continued claim to claim benefits for that week of unemployment. Continued claims data are based on the week of unemployment, not the week when the initial claim was filed.

  • Number, Weekly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Continued claims, also referred to as insured unemployment, is the number of people who have already filed an initial claim and who have experienced a week of unemployment and then filed a continued claim to claim benefits for that week of unemployment. Continued claims data are based on the week of unemployment, not the week when the initial claim was filed.

  • Number, Weekly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Continued claims, also referred to as insured unemployment, is the number of people who have already filed an initial claim and who have experienced a week of unemployment and then filed a continued claim to claim benefits for that week of unemployment. Continued claims data are based on the week of unemployment, not the week when the initial claim was filed.

  • Percent, Weekly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The insured unemployment rate (% of covered employment) is Continued Claims (also called insured unemployment) divided by Covered Employment.

  • Percent, Weekly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The insured unemployment rate (% of covered employment) is Continued Claims (also called insured unemployment) divided by Covered Employment.

  • Number, Weekly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The insured unemployment rate (% of covered employment) is Continued Claims (also called insured unemployment) divided by Covered Employment.

  • Number, Weekly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Continued claims, also referred to as insured unemployment, is the number of people who have already filed an initial claim and who have experienced a week of unemployment and then filed a continued claim to claim benefits for that week of unemployment. Continued claims data are based on the week of unemployment, not the week when the initial claim was filed.

  • Number, Weekly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The insured unemployment rate (% of covered employment) is Continued Claims (also called insured unemployment) divided by Covered Employment.

  • Number, Weekly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Continued claims, also referred to as insured unemployment, is the number of people who have already filed an initial claim and who have experienced a week of unemployment and then filed a continued claim to claim benefits for that week of unemployment. Continued claims data are based on the week of unemployment, not the week when the initial claim was filed.

  • Number, Weekly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Continued claims, also referred to as insured unemployment, is the number of people who have already filed an initial claim and who have experienced a week of unemployment and then filed a continued claim to claim benefits for that week of unemployment. Continued claims data are based on the week of unemployment, not the week when the initial claim was filed. The Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) is a program that temporarily expanded unemployment insurance eligibility to self-employed workers, freelancers, independent contractors and part-time workers impacted by the coronavirus pandemic in 2020. This program was established by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, which expanded states' ability to provide unemployment insurance to many workers affected by COVID-19, including people who aren't ordinarily eligible for unemployment benefits.

  • Number, Weekly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Continued claims, also referred to as insured unemployment, is the number of people who have already filed an initial claim and who have experienced a week of unemployment and then filed a continued claim to claim benefits for that week of unemployment. Continued claims data are based on the week of unemployment, not the week when the initial claim was filed. The Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation (PEUC) program allowed people who have exhausted their unemployment compensation benefits to receive up to 13 additional weeks of benefits, provided they "are able to work, available to work, and actively seeking work." This program was established by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, which expanded states' ability to provide unemployment insurance to many workers affected by COVID-19, including people who aren't ordinarily eligible for unemployment benefits.

  • Number, Weekly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Continued claims, also referred to as insured unemployment, is the number of people who have already filed an initial claim and who have experienced a week of unemployment and then filed a continued claim to claim benefits for that week of unemployment. Continued claims data are based on the week of unemployment, not the week when the initial claim was filed. The Pandemic Emergency Unemployment Compensation (PEUC) program allowed people who have exhausted their unemployment compensation benefits to receive up to 13 additional weeks of benefits, provided they "are able to work, available to work, and actively seeking work." This program was established by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, which expanded states' ability to provide unemployment insurance to many workers affected by COVID-19, including people who aren't ordinarily eligible for unemployment benefits.

  • Number, Weekly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    Continued claims, also referred to as insured unemployment, is the number of people who have already filed an initial claim and who have experienced a week of unemployment and then filed a continued claim to claim benefits for that week of unemployment. Continued claims data are based on the week of unemployment, not the week when the initial claim was filed. The Pandemic Unemployment Assistance (PUA) is a program that temporarily expanded unemployment insurance eligibility to self-employed workers, freelancers, independent contractors and part-time workers impacted by the coronavirus pandemic in 2020. This program was established by the Coronavirus Aid, Relief, and Economic Security (CARES) Act, which expanded states' ability to provide unemployment insurance to many workers affected by COVID-19, including people who aren't ordinarily eligible for unemployment benefits.

  • Percent, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS14000028

  • Thousands of Persons, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    This series is from the Current Population Survey (Household Survey) conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Labor force flows show the movements that underlie the net over-the-month changes in employment, unemployment, or not in the labor force.

  • Percent, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS14000036

  • Percent, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    To obtain estimates of women worker employment, the ratio of weighted women employees to the weighted all employees in the sample is assumed to equal the same ratio in the universe. The current month's women worker ratio, thus, is estimated and then multiplied by the all-employee estimate. The weighted-difference-link-and-taper formula (described in the source) is used to estimate the current month's women worker ratio. This formula adds the change in the matched sample's women worker ratio (the weighted-difference link) to the prior month's estimate, which has been slightly modified to reflect changes in the sample composition (the taper). The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS14000032

  • Percent, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    To obtain estimates of women worker employment, the ratio of weighted women employees to the weighted all employees in the sample is assumed to equal the same ratio in the universe. The current month's women worker ratio, thus, is estimated and then multiplied by the all-employee estimate. The weighted-difference-link-and-taper formula (described in the source) is used to estimate the current month's women worker ratio. This formula adds the change in the matched sample's women worker ratio (the weighted-difference link) to the prior month's estimate, which has been slightly modified to reflect changes in the sample composition (the taper). The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS14000029

  • Thousands of Persons, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    This series is from the Current Population Survey (Household Survey) conducted by the Bureau of Labor Statistics. Labor force flows show the movements that underlie the net over-the-month changes in employment, unemployment, or not in the labor force.

  • Percent, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    To obtain estimates of women worker employment, the ratio of weighted women employees to the weighted all employees in the sample is assumed to equal the same ratio in the universe. The current month's women worker ratio, thus, is estimated and then multiplied by the all-employee estimate. The weighted-difference-link-and-taper formula (described in the source) is used to estimate the current month's women worker ratio. This formula adds the change in the matched sample's women worker ratio (the weighted-difference link) to the prior month's estimate, which has been slightly modified to reflect changes in the sample composition (the taper). The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS14000026

  • Percent, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS14000048

  • Thousands of Persons, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS13025699

  • Percent, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS13023622

  • Percent, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS14100000

  • Percent, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS13023558

  • Percent, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS14000025

  • Percent, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS14000089

  • Thousands of Persons, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS13023557

  • Thousands of Persons, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS13008876

  • Thousands of Persons, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS13023621

  • Thousands of Persons, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS13000006

  • Percent, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNU04000012

  • Percent, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    To obtain estimates of women worker employment, the ratio of weighted women employees to the weighted all employees in the sample is assumed to equal the same ratio in the universe. The current month's women worker ratio, thus, is estimated and then multiplied by the all-employee estimate. The weighted-difference-link-and-taper formula (described in the source) is used to estimate the current month's women worker ratio. This formula adds the change in the matched sample's women worker ratio (the weighted-difference link) to the prior month's estimate, which has been slightly modified to reflect changes in the sample composition (the taper). The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS14000014

  • Thousands of Persons, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS13000060

  • Percent, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNU04077884

  • Percent, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNU04032221

  • Percent, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNU04000031

  • Percent, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS14000093

  • Percent, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS13025701

  • Percent, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNU04023621

  • Percent, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNU04032225

  • Percent, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNU04027683

  • Thousands of Persons, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNS13026637

  • Percent, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNU04032234

  • Percent, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNU04024932

  • Percent, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNU04000089

  • Thousands of Persons, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNU03032239

  • Thousands of Persons, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNU03032230

  • Thousands of Persons, Monthly, Not Seasonally Adjusted

    The series comes from the 'Current Population Survey (Household Survey)' The source code is: LNU03008516


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