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  • Percent, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Hornstein-Kudlyak-Lange Non-Employment Index (NEI) is a weighted average of all non-employed people expressed as the share of the civilian non-institutionalized population 16 years and older. The weights take into account persistent differences in each group's likelihood of transitioning back into employment. Because the NEI is more comprehensive and includes tailored weights of non-employed individuals, it arguably provides a more accurate reading of labor market conditions than the standard unemployment rate. For further information about this series, go to https://www.richmondfed.org/research/national_economy/non_employment_index.

  • Percent, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    The Hornstein-Kudlyak-Lange Non-Employment Index including People Working Part-Time for Economic Reasons (NEI+PTER) is a weighted average of all non-employed people and people working part-time for economic reasons expressed as the share of the civilian non-institutionalized population 16 years and older. The weights take into account persistent differences in each group's likelihood of transitioning back into employment. Because the NEI is more comprehensive and includes tailored weights of non-employed individuals, it arguably provides a more accurate reading of labor market conditions than the standard unemployment rate. For further information about this series, go to https://www.richmondfed.org/research/national_economy/non_employment_index.

  • Percent Expanding, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    This Index Covers 47 Of The Largest Of 149 Labor Market Areas Listed As "Labor Market And Employment Security." Source: G.H. Moore, Business Cycle Indicators, Vol. 2, NBER, P. 157 This NBER data series m16081 appears on the NBER website in Chapter 16 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter16.html. NBER Indicator: m16081

  • Index 1926=100, Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted

    Data Represent The Ratio Of The Number Of Placements To Unfilled Applications, On A 1926=100 Base, Adjusted For Season. Allowance Was Made For A Change In The Ratio Construction In February, 1927 That Thereafter Included Aided Unemployed With Unfilled Applications. In 1928 This Change Was Modified By Adjusting For A Three Month Moving Average. Foreign Labor, Which France Purposely Imported, Is Covered By The Data. Source: Ministire De Travail, Statistique Generale, For 1920-1931 Data: Indices De Generaux De Movement De Economique De France, 1931, Pp. 103, 156; For 1932-1938 Data: Bulletin De Statistique Generale. This NBER data series m08024aa appears on the NBER website in Chapter 8 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter08.html. NBER Indicator: m08024aa


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