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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age:
Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted (population data is not adjusted for seasonal variation; not seasonally adjusted version used)

   
    Jan 1954    
 
 
    Oct 2019
Name Oct 2019 Sep 2019 Oct 2018 Units
White
Civilian noninstitutional population
201,172 201,062 200,596 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
127,114 127,053 126,100 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
63.2 63.2 62.9 %
Employed
123,012 122,972 121,923 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
61.1 61.2 60.8 %
Unemployed
4,102 4,081 4,177 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
3.2 3.2 3.3 %
Not in Labor Force
74,058 74,008 74,496 Thous. of Persons
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
66,119 66,134 65,771 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
71.7 71.8 71.6 %
Employed
64,168 64,246 63,785 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
69.6 69.7 69.4 %
Unemployed
1,951 1,888 1,986 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
3.0 2.9 3.0 %
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
56,394 56,356 55,778 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
58.3 58.3 57.8 %
Employed
54,750 54,707 54,062 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
56.6 56.6 56.1 %
Unemployed
1,644 1,649 1,716 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
2.9 2.9 3.1 %
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force
4,601 4,563 4,551 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
37.6 37.3 37.0 %
Employed
4,093 4,019 4,076 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
33.4 32.8 33.1 %
Unemployed
508 545 476 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
11.0 11.9 10.5 %
Black or African American
Civilian noninstitutional population
33,152 33,116 32,887 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
20,682 20,669 20,564 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
62.4 62.4 62.5 %
Employed
19,559 19,540 19,290 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
59.0 59.0 58.7 %
Unemployed
1,123 1,129 1,274 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
5.4 5.5 6.2 %
Not in Labor Force
12,470 12,447 12,323 Thous. of Persons
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
9,484 9,490 9,400 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
68.0 68.2 68.2 %
Employed
9,005 8,975 8,814 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
64.6 64.5 63.9 %
Unemployed
480 515 586 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
5.1 5.4 6.2 %
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
10,471 10,460 10,327 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
62.5 62.5 62.2 %
Employed
9,967 9,978 9,825 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
59.5 59.6 59.2 %
Unemployed
503 482 501 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
4.8 4.6 4.9 %
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force
726 719 837 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
29.6 29.3 33.6 %
Employed
587 587 650 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
23.9 23.9 26.1 %
Unemployed
139 132 187 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
19.2 18.3 22.4 %
   

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