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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age:
Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted (population data is not adjusted for seasonal variation; not seasonally adjusted version used)

   
    Jan 1954    
 
 
    Dec 2019
Name Dec 2019 Nov 2019 Dec 2018 Units
White
Civilian noninstitutional population
201,326 201,254 200,774 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
127,197 127,191 126,546 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
63.2 63.2 63.0 %
Employed
123,175 123,077 122,209 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
61.2 61.2 60.9 %
Unemployed
4,022 4,115 4,337 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
3.2 3.2 3.4 %
Not in Labor Force
74,129 74,063 74,228 Thous. of Persons
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
66,076 66,204 66,081 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
71.6 71.8 71.9 %
Employed
64,238 64,247 64,015 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
69.6 69.7 69.6 %
Unemployed
1,839 1,957 2,066 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
2.8 3.0 3.1 %
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
56,429 56,299 55,894 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
58.3 58.2 57.9 %
Employed
54,827 54,666 54,144 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
56.6 56.5 56.1 %
Unemployed
1,602 1,633 1,750 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
2.8 2.9 3.1 %
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force
4,692 4,688 4,571 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
38.4 38.3 37.2 %
Employed
4,111 4,164 4,050 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
33.6 34.0 32.9 %
Unemployed
581 524 521 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
12.4 11.2 11.4 %
Black or African American
Civilian noninstitutional population
33,215 33,184 32,956 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
20,949 20,675 20,422 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
63.1 62.3 62.0 %
Employed
19,712 19,527 19,082 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
59.3 58.8 57.9 %
Unemployed
1,238 1,148 1,340 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
5.9 5.6 6.6 %
Not in Labor Force
12,266 12,509 12,534 Thous. of Persons
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
9,591 9,504 9,304 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
68.6 68.1 67.3 %
Employed
9,034 9,019 8,712 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
64.6 64.6 63.0 %
Unemployed
557 485 592 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
5.8 5.1 6.4 %
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
10,625 10,445 10,309 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
63.3 62.3 61.9 %
Employed
10,094 9,929 9,727 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
60.1 59.2 58.4 %
Unemployed
530 516 582 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
5.0 4.9 5.6 %
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force
734 727 808 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
29.9 29.6 32.5 %
Employed
583 579 642 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
23.8 23.6 25.8 %
Unemployed
151 147 166 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
20.6 20.3 20.5 %
   

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