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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age:
Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted (population data is not adjusted for seasonal variation; not seasonally adjusted version used)

   
    Jan 1954    
 
 
    Aug 2019
Name Aug 2019 Jul 2019 Aug 2018 Units
White
Civilian noninstitutional population
200,953 200,843 200,356 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
126,765 126,345 125,347 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
63.1 62.9 62.6 %
Employed
122,471 122,144 121,074 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
60.9 60.8 60.4 %
Unemployed
4,293 4,201 4,272 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
3.4 3.3 3.4 %
Not in Labor Force
74,188 74,498 75,009 Thous. of Persons
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
66,066 65,994 65,527 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
71.8 71.7 71.4 %
Employed
64,094 64,005 63,513 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
69.6 69.6 69.2 %
Unemployed
1,972 1,989 2,014 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
3.0 3.0 3.1 %
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
56,063 55,663 55,372 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
58.0 57.6 57.5 %
Employed
54,286 53,988 53,616 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
56.2 55.9 55.7 %
Unemployed
1,776 1,675 1,757 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
3.2 3.0 3.2 %
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force
4,636 4,687 4,447 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
37.9 38.3 36.1 %
Employed
4,091 4,151 3,945 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
33.4 33.9 32.1 %
Unemployed
545 536 501 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
11.8 11.4 11.3 %
Black or African American
Civilian noninstitutional population
33,081 33,045 32,810 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
20,588 20,714 20,384 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
62.2 62.7 62.1 %
Employed
19,463 19,481 19,108 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
58.8 59.0 58.2 %
Unemployed
1,125 1,233 1,276 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
5.5 6.0 6.3 %
Not in Labor Force
12,492 12,331 12,426 Thous. of Persons
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
9,490 9,502 9,394 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
68.3 68.4 68.3 %
Employed
8,931 8,953 8,828 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
64.2 64.5 64.2 %
Unemployed
559 549 565 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
5.9 5.8 6.0 %
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
10,379 10,421 10,356 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
62.1 62.4 62.5 %
Employed
9,926 9,877 9,769 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
59.4 59.2 59.0 %
Unemployed
453 544 587 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
4.4 5.2 5.7 %
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force
719 790 634 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
29.2 32.1 25.4 %
Employed
605 650 510 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
24.6 26.4 20.5 %
Unemployed
113 140 124 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
15.7 17.7 19.5 %
   

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