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Table A-2. Employment status of the civilian population by race, sex, and age:
Monthly, Seasonally Adjusted (population data is not adjusted for seasonal variation; not seasonally adjusted version used)

   
    Jan 1954    
 
 
    Sep 2020
Name Sep 2020 Aug 2020 Sep 2019 Units
White
Civilian noninstitutional population
201,515 201,417 201,062 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
124,213 124,471 127,018 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
61.6 61.8 63.2 %
Employed
115,496 115,354 122,955 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
57.3 57.3 61.2 %
Unemployed
8,717 9,118 4,063 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
7.0 7.3 3.2 %
Not in Labor Force
77,302 76,946 74,044 Thous. of Persons
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
64,976 64,911 66,109 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
70.3 70.3 71.8 %
Employed
60,738 60,425 64,224 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
65.7 65.4 69.7 %
Unemployed
4,238 4,485 1,886 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
6.5 6.9 2.9 %
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
54,568 55,124 56,348 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
56.3 56.9 58.3 %
Employed
50,794 51,124 54,709 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
52.4 52.7 56.6 %
Unemployed
3,774 4,000 1,639 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
6.9 7.3 2.9 %
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force
4,669 4,437 4,561 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
38.5 36.6 37.3 %
Employed
3,965 3,805 4,022 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
32.7 31.4 32.9 %
Unemployed
704 632 539 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
15.1 14.2 11.8 %
Black or African American
Civilian noninstitutional population
33,420 33,386 33,116 Thous. of Persons
Civilian labor force
19,956 20,150 20,685 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
59.7 60.4 62.5 %
Employed
17,537 17,528 19,550 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
52.5 52.5 59.0 %
Unemployed
2,420 2,621 1,135 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
12.1 13.0 5.5 %
Not in Labor Force
13,464 13,237 12,431 Thous. of Persons
Men, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
9,117 9,277 9,488 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
64.7 65.9 68.1 %
Employed
7,967 8,051 8,976 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
56.5 57.2 64.5 %
Unemployed
1,150 1,225 512 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
12.6 13.2 5.4 %
Women, 20 years and over
Civilian labor force
10,116 10,174 10,478 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
59.8 60.2 62.6 %
Employed
8,997 8,949 9,987 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
53.2 53.0 59.7 %
Unemployed
1,120 1,224 491 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
11.1 12.0 4.7 %
Both sexes, 16 to 19 years
Civilian labor force
723 699 719 Thous. of Persons
Participation rate
30.0 29.0 29.3 %
Employed
573 527 588 Thous. of Persons
Employment-Population Ratio
23.8 21.9 23.9 %
Unemployed
150 172 132 Thous. of Persons
Unemployment Rate
20.7 24.6 18.3 %
   

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