Source: World Bank
Release: World Development Indicators
Inflation as measured by the consumer price index reflects the annual percentage change in the cost to the average consumer of acquiring a basket of goods and services that may be fixed or changed at specified intervals, such as yearly. The Laspeyres formula is generally used.
International Monetary Fund, International Financial Statistics and data files.
World Bank, Inflation, consumer prices for Japan [FPCPITOTLZGJPN], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/FPCPITOTLZGJPN, September 27, 2023.