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General government net lending/borrowing for Japan (GGNLBAJPA188N)


2021: -6.158 (+ more)   Updated: May 4, 2023
2021:  -6.158  
2020:  -9.064  
2019:  -3.045  
2018:  -2.471  
2017:  -3.099  
View All


Percent of GDP,
Not Seasonally Adjusted




Source: International Monetary Fund  

Release: World Economic Outlook  

Units:  Percent of GDP, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Annual


Net lending (+)/ borrowing (-) is calculated as revenue minus total expenditure. This is a core Government Finance Statistics (GFS) balance that measures the extent to which general government is either putting financial resources at the disposal of other sectors in the economy and nonresidents (net lending), or utilizing the financial resources generated by other sectors and nonresidents (net borrowing). This balance may be viewed as an indicator of the financial impact of general government activity on the rest of the economy and nonresidents (Government Finance Statistics Manual 2001 (GFSM 2001), paragraph 4.17). Note: Net lending (+)/borrowing (-) is also equal to net acquisition of financial assets minus net incurrence of liabilities. A projection of this data can be found at https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/GGNLBPJPA188N.

Copyright © 2016, International Monetary Fund. Reprinted with permission. Complete terms of use and contact details are available at http://www.imf.org/external/terms.htm.

Suggested Citation:

International Monetary Fund, General government net lending/borrowing for Japan [GGNLBAJPA188N], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/GGNLBAJPA188N, September 30, 2023.


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