Release: NBER Macrohistory Database
Data For 1881-1892 Were Derived By NBER From Original Cumulative Quarterly Totals; For 1893-1908, Figures For March, June, And September Were Obtained By Deducting The Sum Of The Two Preceeding Months From Quarterly Totals Ending With The Above Months. Data After January 1933 Is Available In Series 09029 And 09033. In March 1933 The Bradstreet Company Merged With R. G. Dun And Company, Therefore Subsequent Data Were Jointly Published. Source: Bradstreet'S, A Journal Of Trade, Finance, And Public Economy, Data For 1881-1908 Were Computed By NBER From The Source; Data For 1909-1933 Are Direct.
This NBER data series m09032 appears on the NBER website in Chapter 9 at http://www.nber.org/databases/macrohistory/contents/chapter09.html.
NBER Indicator: m09032
National Bureau of Economic Research, Liabilities of Business Failures for United States [M09032USM144NNBR], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/M09032USM144NNBR, December 5, 2020.