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Printing and Related Support Activities: Multifactor Productivity (MPU5700012)


2021: 103.203 (+ more)   Updated: Nov 21, 2022
2021:  103.203  
2020:  98.515  
2019:  101.309  
2018:  103.268  
2017:  100.877  
View All


Index 2012=100,
Not Seasonally Adjusted




Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics  

Release: Total Factor Productivity for Major Industries  

Units:  Index 2012=100, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Annual


Multifactor productivity is calculated by dividing an index of real output by an index of combined units of labor input and capital services. It is designed to measure the joint influences of technological change, efficiency improvements, returns to scale, reallocation of resources, and other factors of economic growth, accounting for the effects of capital and labor. This data was found using sectoral output per unit of combined K, L, E, M, S.

For more information, please go to

Source Indicator: MPU5700012

Suggested Citation:

U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Printing and Related Support Activities: Multifactor Productivity [MPU5700012], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis;, March 20, 2023.


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