Source: U.S. Census Bureau
Release: Quarterly Financial Report
Further information related to the Quarterly Financial Report survey can be found at https://www.census.gov/econ/qfr/about.html
Methodology details can be found at https://www.census.gov/econ/qfr/documents/QFR_Methodology.pdf
U.S. Census Bureau, Quarterly Financial Report: U.S. Corporations: Scientific Research and Development Services: Other Direct Credits (Charges) to Retained Earnings (Net) [QFRD122547USNO], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/QFRD122547USNO, March 27, 2023.