Source: Deutsche Bundesbank
Release: German Foreign Exchange Intervention
Source: European Central Bank (ECB).
(+) numbers mean purchases of the foreign (non-DEM) currency, (-) numbers mean sales of the foreign (non-DEM) currency. Unpublished data.
Deutsche Bundesbank, German Intervention: Bundesbank Purchases in EMS Markets (Millions of DEM) (DISCONTINUED) [DEINTDEMS], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/DEINTDEMS, October 14, 2019.