Source: Deutsche Bundesbank
Release: German Foreign Exchange Intervention
Source: European Central Bank (ECB).
(+) numbers mean purchases of USD, (-) numbers mean sales of USD. Unpublished data.
Deutsche Bundesbank, German Intervention: Bundesbank Purchases on the Dollar/D-Mark (Millions of DEM) (DISCONTINUED) [DEINTDUSDDM], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/DEINTDUSDDM, October 5, 2022.