Federal Reserve Economic Data: Your trusted data source since 1991

Nowcast for Real Personal Consumption Expenditures (PCENOW)


Q2 2024: 2.4798 (+ more)   Updated: Jun 20, 2024 9:21 AM CDT
Q2 2024:  2.4798  
Q1 2024:  3.2625  
Q4 2023:  2.8462  
Q3 2023:  4.0527  
Q2 2023:  1.4337  
View All


Percent Change at Annual Rate,
Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate




Source: Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta  

Release: GDPNow  

Units:  Percent Change at Annual Rate, Seasonally Adjusted Annual Rate

Frequency:  Quarterly


The Nowcast for Real Personal Consumption Expenditures uses a nowcasting model to synthesize the bridge equation approach relating GDP subcomponents to monthly source data with factor model and Bayesian vector autoregression approaches.

The Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta’s GDPNow release complements the quarterly GDP release from the Bureau of Economic Analysis (BEA). The Atlanta Fed recalculates and updates their GDPNow forecasts (called “nowcasts”) throughout the quarter as new data are released, up until the BEA releases its “advance estimate” of GDP for that quarter. The St. Louis Fed constructs a quarterly time series for this dataset, in which both historical and current observations values are combined. In general, the most-current observation is revised multiple times throughout the quarter. The final forecasted value (before the BEA’s release of the advance estimate of GDP) is the static, historical value for that quarter.

For futher information visit the source at https://www.frbatlanta.org/cqer/research/gdpnow.aspx?panel=1.

Suggested Citation:

Federal Reserve Bank of Atlanta, Nowcast for Real Personal Consumption Expenditures [PCENOW], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/PCENOW, June 20, 2024.


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