Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Release: Productivity and Costs
Effective February 5, 2004, Productivity and Cost measures for the manufacturing sector
are now reported using the 2002 North American Industry Classification System (NAICS).
Because of the reclassification, these measures are not directly comparable with
manufacturing measures published on or before Dec. 3, 2003.
For further information, please visit the Bureau Of Labor Statistics web
site at https://www.bls.gov/lpc/
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Manufacturing Sector: Output for All Employed Persons [OUTMS], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/OUTMS, November 28, 2021.
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), Industrial Production: Manufacturing (NAICS) [IPMAN], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/IPMAN, November 28, 2021.
Source: U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics
Release: Consumer Price Index
The Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: All Items (CPIAUCSL) is a measure of the average monthly change in the price for goods and services paid by urban consumers between any two time periods. It can also represent the buying habits of urban consumers. This particular index includes roughly 88 percent of the total population, accounting for wage earners, clerical workers, technical workers, self-employed, short-term workers, unemployed, retirees, and those not in the labor force.
The CPIs are based on prices for food, clothing, shelter, and fuels; transportation fares; service fees (e.g., water and sewer service); and sales taxes. Prices are collected monthly from about 4,000 housing units and approximately 26,000 retail establishments across 87 urban areas. To calculate the index, price changes are averaged with weights representing their importance in the spending of the particular group. The index measures price changes (as a percent change) from a predetermined reference date. In addition to the original unadjusted index distributed, the Bureau of Labor Statistics also releases a seasonally adjusted index. The unadjusted series reflects all factors that may influence a change in prices. However, it can be very useful to look at the seasonally adjusted CPI, which removes the effects of seasonal changes, such as weather, school year, production cycles, and holidays.
The CPI can be used to recognize periods of inflation and deflation. Significant increases in the CPI within a short time frame might indicate a period of inflation, and significant decreases in CPI within a short time frame might indicate a period of deflation. However, because the CPI includes volatile food and oil prices, it might not be a reliable measure of inflationary and deflationary periods. For a more accurate detection, the core CPI (CPILFESL) is often used. When using the CPI, please note that it is not applicable to all consumers and should not be used to determine relative living costs. Additionally, the CPI is a statistical measure vulnerable to sampling error since it is based on a sample of prices and not the complete average.
For more information on the consumer price indexes, see:
Bureau of Economic Analysis. "CPI Detailed Report." 2013.
Handbook of Methods
Understanding the CPI: Frequently Asked Questions
U.S. Bureau of Labor Statistics, Consumer Price Index for All Urban Consumers: All Items in U.S. City Average [CPIAUCSL], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/CPIAUCSL, November 28, 2021.
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), Industrial Production: Mining, Quarrying, and Oil and Gas Extraction: Mining (NAICS = 21) [IPMINE], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/IPMINE, November 28, 2021.
Source: Dow Jones & Company
Release: Wall Street Journal
Prior to 1982 equals the posted price.
On August 5, 2013, the Wall Street Journal discontinued publication of some of its commodity energy prices. As a current substitute, see the monthly oil spot prices reported by the U.S. Department of Energy, Energy Information Administration at https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/MCOILWTICO
Copyright, 2016, Dow Jones & Company
Dow Jones & Company, Spot Oil Price: West Texas Intermediate (DISCONTINUED) [OILPRICE], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/OILPRICE, November 28, 2021.
Release: G.5 Foreign Exchange Rates
Averages of daily figures. A weighted average of the foreign exchange value of the U.S. dollar against a subset of the broad index currencies that circulate widely outside the country of issue.
Major currency index includes the Euro Area, Canada, Japan, United Kingdom, Switzerland, Australia, and Sweden. For more information about trade-weighted indexes see http://www.federalreserve.gov/pubs/bulletin/2005/winter05_index.pdf.
This data series is updated from the source files in the Data Download Program (http://www.federalreserve.gov/datadownload/Choose.aspx?rel=h10). The files are updated on a weekly basis every Monday. If Monday is a holiday, the data files are updated the next business day.
Monthly values are averages of the daily data available. Preliminary value for the current month is provided by the source even if not all daily values are available for the entire month.
Please note that the values reported on the press release may not correspond to the values in the Data Download Program when the press release is published on a day other than Monday. This inconsistency is resolved on the next available weekly release date.
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), Nominal Major Currencies U.S. Dollar Index (Goods Only) (DISCONTINUED) [TWEXMMTH], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/TWEXMMTH, November 28, 2021.
Release: Spot Prices
U.S. Energy Information Administration, Crude Oil Prices: West Texas Intermediate (WTI) - Cushing, Oklahoma [DCOILWTICO], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/DCOILWTICO, November 28, 2021.