Release: H.15 Selected Interest Rates
Averages of Business Days, Discount Basis
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), 3-Month Treasury Bill: Secondary Market Rate [TB3MS], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/TB3MS, November 20, 2019.
Release: ICE Libor Rates
The data series is lagged by one week due to an agreement with the source.
London Interbank Offered Rate is the average interest rate at which leading banks borrow funds of a sizeable amount from other banks in the London market. Libor is the most widely used "benchmark" or reference rate for short term interest rates
In consideration for ICE Benchmark Administration Limited ("IBA") coordinating and the Libor Contributor Banks supplying the data from which ICE LIBOR is compiled, the subscriber acknowledges and agrees that, to the fullest extent permitted by law, none of the IBA or the LIBOR Contributor Banks:
(1) accept any responsibility or liability for the frequency of provision and accuracy of the ICE LIBOR rate or any use made of the ICE LIBOR rate by the subscriber, whether or not arising from the negligence of any of IBA or the LIBOR Contributor Banks; or
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ICE Benchmark Administration Limited (IBA), 3-Month London Interbank Offered Rate (LIBOR), based on U.S. Dollar [USD3MTD156N], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/USD3MTD156N, November 20, 2019.
Release: Money Velocity
Calculated as the ratio of quarterly nominal GDP
to the quarterly average of M2 money stock.
The velocity of money is the frequency at which one unit of currency is used to purchase domestically- produced goods and services within a given time period. In other words, it is the number of times one dollar is spent to buy goods and services per unit of time. If the velocity of money is increasing, then more transactions are occurring between individuals in an economy.
The frequency of currency exchange can be used to determine the velocity of a given component of the money supply, providing some insight into whether consumers and businesses are saving or spending their money. There are several components of the money supply,: M1, M2, and MZM (M3 is no longer tracked by the Federal Reserve); these components are arranged on a spectrum of narrowest to broadest. Consider M1, the narrowest component. M1 is the money supply of currency in circulation (notes and coins, traveler's checks [non-bank issuers], demand deposits, and checkable deposits). A decreasing velocity of M1 might indicate fewer short- term consumption transactions are taking place. We can think of shorter- term transactions as consumption we might make on an everyday basis.
The broader M2 component includes M1 in addition to saving deposits, certificates of deposit (less than $100,000), and money market deposits for individuals. Comparing the velocities of M1 and M2 provides some insight into how quickly the economy is spending and how quickly it is saving.
MZM (money with zero maturity) is the broadest component and consists of the supply of financial assets redeemable at par on demand: notes and coins in circulation, traveler's checks (non-bank issuers), demand deposits, other checkable deposits, savings deposits, and all money market funds. The velocity of MZM helps determine how often financial assets are switching hands within the economy.
Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Velocity of M2 Money Stock [M2V], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/M2V, November 20, 2019.
Release: H.10 Foreign Exchange Rates
Noon buying rates in New York City for cable transfers payable in foreign currencies.
Board of Governors of the Federal Reserve System (US), U.S. / Euro Foreign Exchange Rate [DEXUSEU], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis; https://fred.stlouisfed.org/series/DEXUSEU, November 20, 2019.