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Price Pressures Measure (STLPPM)


Feb 2023: 0.82881 (+ more)   Updated: Feb 24, 2023
Feb 2023:  0.82881  
Jan 2023:  0.69587  
Dec 2022:  0.89262  
Nov 2022:  0.76318  
Oct 2022:  0.80280  
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Not Seasonally Adjusted




Source: Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis  

Release: St. Louis Fed Price Pressures Measures

Units:  Probability, Not Seasonally Adjusted

Frequency:  Monthly


This series measures the probability that the expected personal consumption expenditures price index (PCEPI) inflation rate (12-month percent changes) over the next 12 months will exceed 2.5 percent.

For additional information on the Price Pressures Measure and its construction, see “Introducing the St. Louis Fed Price Pressures Measure”.

As of February 3, 2020, the Emerging and Developing Asia and Western Hemisphere Consumer Prices Indexes have been replaced with Asia/Pacific Rim and Latin America Consumer Price Indexes respectively. These changes were made to facilitate a more timely updating of the PPM. Switching the Consumer Prices Indexes produced no meaningful change in the PPM series.

As of January 29, 2021, the Adjusted Monetary Base (including Deposits to Satisfy Clearing Balance Contracts) Seasonally Adjusted, in billions of dollars has been replaced with the series, Monetary Base, NSA, in billions of dollars.

Suggested Citation:

Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis, Price Pressures Measure [STLPPM], retrieved from FRED, Federal Reserve Bank of St. Louis;, March 27, 2023.


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